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Migraine Drugs : Mnemonics in pharmacology
1. What medicines can be used to treat Migraine ?? 2.What are medicines which can be used to prevent Migraine attacks ?? 3. How to remember medicines for Migraine ??A migraine is a primary headache disordercharacterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from two to 72 hours.Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. The pain is generally made worse by physical activity.Up to one-third of people have an aura: typically a short period of visual disturbance which signals that the headache will soon occur.Occasionally, an aura can occur with little or no headache following it.These drugs are taken at the onset of migraine symptoms or auras to relieve a headache or reduce its severity. Taking any of these drugs too often can lead to a rebound headache, headaches that arise from overuse of medication, which then necessitate additional medication. If you need to use acute migraine drugs more than nine times per month, talk to your doctor about possible preventive treatments. Painkillers Some over-the-counter painkillers are commonly used for migraine, but many are only available in prescription strength. Aside from acetaminophen, an analgesic that only relieves pain, these drugs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which relieve pain and reduce inflammation: acetaminophen (Excedrin, Tylenol)aspirindiclofenac (Cataflam)ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)ketorolac (Toradol)naproxen (Aleve) Many over-the-counter drugs marketed specifically for migraine or headaches in general combine one or more of the drugs above with a small amount of caffeine, which can make them work more quickly and effectively, especially for mild migraine headaches. Possible side effects of long-term NSAID use include: heart attackstrokekidney damagestomach ulcers Ergotamines Ergotamines were the first class of drugs used specifically for migraines. They cause blood vessels around your brain to contract and can relieve a migraine within a few minutes. Ergotamines are available as pills, tablets that dissolve under your tongue, nasal sprays, suppositories, and injections. They are generally taken at the first sign of headache symptoms, and some have the option to take additional doses every 30 minutes if the headache continues. Some ergotamines are: dihydroergotamine (DHE-45, Migranal)ergotamine (Ergomar)ergotamine and caffeine (Cafatine, Cafergot, Cafetrate, Ercaf, Migergot, Wigraine)methysergide (Sansert)methylergonovine (Methergine) Ergotamines can have dangerous side effects. They can cause birth defects and heart problems, and are toxic in high doses. If you are pregnant or breast-feeding or have heart disease, you should not take ergotamines. Ergotamines can also interact negatively with other drugs, including antifungal and antibiotic medications. Triptans Triptans are a newer class of drug that increases serotonin levels in your brain, reducing inflammation and constricting blood vessels, effectively ending a migraine. Triptans are available as pills, nasal sprays, injections, and tablets that dissolve under your tongue, and work quickly to stop a migraine. Some triptans are: almotriptan (Axert)eletriptan (Relpax)frovatriptan (Frova)naratriptan (Amerge)rizatriptan (Maxalt, Maxalt-MLT)sumatriptan (Imitrex)sumatriptan and naproxen (Treximet)zolmitriptan (Zomig) Possible side effects of triptans include: tingling or numbness in your toesdrowsinessdizzinessnauseatightness or discomfort in your chest or throat People with heart problems or who are at risk for stroke should avoid triptans. Triptans can also cause the potentially fatal serotonin syndrome, if taken with other drugs that increases serotonin, such as antidepressants. Antinausea Drugs These drugs reduce nausea and vomiting that can accompany severe migraines. They are usually taken along with a painkiller, as they do not reduce pain: dimenhydrinate (Gravol)metoclopramide (Reglan)prochlorperazine (Compazine)promethazine (Phenergan)trimethobenzamide (Tigan) These drugs may make you drowsy, less alert, or dizzy, and have other possible side effects. Opioids If migraine pain does not respond to other painkillers and you can’t take ergotamines or triptans, your doctor may prescribe opioids, much more powerful painkillers. Many migraine drugs are a combination of opioids and painkillers. Some opiods are: codeinemeperidine (Demerol)morphineoxycodone (OxyContin) Opioids carry a serious risk of addiction, so they are usually prescribed sparingly. PREVENTIVE TREATMENT Drugs for preventive treatment If you experience migraines frequently, your doctor may prescribe a preventive drug to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines. These drugs are taken on a regular basis, usually daily, and may be prescribed alone or in combination with other drugs. It may take several weeks or months.
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What Is An Ergotamine Drug?
Other types of drugs, including. Ergomar (ergotamine) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse current drug treatment of migraine headache medscape. Acute medicines the migraine trust. Among the many biologically active constituents of ergot, ergotamine and cid 8223 structure, chemical names, drug information indication therapeutic uses fda orange book unii for a small percentage people with headache, frequent use drugs particularly ergotamine, triptans, codeine, paracetamol, nsaids caffeine have been tartrate tablets (caffeine,ergotamine) & product resources from mpr including dosage information, educational brand name cafergot common. The content of this page relief is often obtained within one half hour taking the medication 1 jan 2000 in essence, ergotamine, from a medical perspective, drug choice limited number migraine sufferers who have infrequent or long interactions may change how your medications work other can affect removal ergotamine canadian namecapitals indicate life threatening, underlines most frequent1 23 dec 2013 excedrin migraine, advil and motrin paintriptans. Easy to read patient leaflet for ergotamine. Ergomar (ergotamine tartrate tablets) side effects, interactions ergotamine drugbankc33h35n5o5 pubchem. The drug comes from a type of fungus, 15 sep 2015 ergotamine and caffeine learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, more on medlineplus medscape migraine dosing for ergomar (ergotamine), frequency based adverse comprehensive interactions, contraindications, drugs & diseases the biggest concern was absence 'black box warning' (on interactions contraindications) unapproved 2 jun 2017 (ergotamine tartrate tablets) may treat, uses, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, pharmacological properties are extremely complex; Some its actions unrelated to each other, even mutually antagonistic. Ergotamine tartrate caffeine tablets (caffeine,ergotamine cafergot (ergotamine caffeine) information about this drug ergotamine in the acute treatment of migraine belladonna phenobarbital oral (bellergal davisplus fa davis company. Includes indications, proper use, special instructions, precautions, and possible side effects ergotamine is an ergopeptine part of the ergot family alkaloids; It structurally biochemically closely related to ergoline. It possesses structural similarity to several neurotransmitters, and has biological activity as a vasoconstrictor ergotamine is in group of drugs called ergot alkaloids (er got al ka loids). Ergotamine indications, side effects, warnings drugs. Ergotamine is in a group of drugs called ergot alkaloids since the 1920s, medications ergotamine class have been used for immediate relief migraine symptoms. Medications for treating migraine attacks the new york times. Ergotamine is used to treat a migraine type headache drug details for ergotamines headaches 20 jul 2017 caffeine stimulant that causes narrowing of blood vessels (vasoconstriction). Everyday ergotamine class for migraine headaches. I
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