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Penicillin In Mass Production (1945)
 
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Unissued / Unused material. Item title reads - 'Penicillin now in Mass Production. American miracle!' Exterior L/S huge factory in Indiana. Interior shots huge vats etc. as penicillin is produced. M/S bottles on trays. M/S ladies packing the finished penicillin. M/S row of white rabbits, on which the penicillin will be tested, with their heads in slots. The camera pans across them. M/S as one has an injection of penicillin in its ear. C/U rabbits. FILM ID:2028.22 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Views: 4085 British Pathé
Oxytetracycline - Terramycin Antibiotics: "Miracle from Mold" 1952 Pfizer
 
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NEW VERSION with improved video & sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Y9TdtrHM8w more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ "Gives the scientific story behind terramycin, one of the wonder drugs." Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archive, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxytetracycline Oxytetracycline was the second of the broad-spectrum tetracycline group of antibiotics to be discovered. Oxytetracycline works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce essential proteins. Without these proteins, the bacteria cannot grow, multiply and increase in numbers. Oxytetracycline therefore stops the spread of the infection and the remaining bacteria are killed by the immune system or eventually die. Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, active against a wide variety of bacteria. However, some strains of bacteria have developed resistance to this antibiotic, which has reduced its effectiveness for treating some types of infections. Oxytetracycline is still used to treat infections caused by Chlamydia (e.g. the chest infection psittacosis, the eye infection trachoma, and the genital infection urethritis) and infections caused by Mycoplasma organisms (e.g. pneumonia). Oxytetracycline is also used to treat acne, due to its activity against the bacteria on the skin that cause acne (Propionibacterium acnes). It is used to treat flare-ups of chronic bronchitis, due to its activity against the bacteria usually responsible, Haemophilus influenzae. Oxytetracycline may also be used to treat other rarer infections, such as those caused by a group of micro-organisms called rickettsiae (e.g. Q fever). To make sure the bacteria causing an infection are susceptible to it, a tissue sample is usually taken, for example a swab from the infected area, or a urine or blood sample. History It was first found near Pfizer laboratories in a soil sample yielding the soil actinomycete, Streptomyces rimosus by Finlay et al. In 1950, a celebrated American chemist, Robert B Woodward, worked out the chemical structure of oxytetracycline, enabling Pfizer to mass produce the drug under the trade name, Terramycin. This discovery by Woodward was a major advancement in tetracycline research and paved the way for the discovery of an oxytetracycline derivative, doxycycline, which is one of the most popularly used antibiotics today. Indications Oxytetracycline, like other tetracyclines, is used to treat many infections, both common and rare (see Tetracycline antibiotics group). Its better absorption profile makes it preferable to tetracycline for moderately severe acne at a dosage of 250--500 mg four times a day for usually six to eight weeks at a time, but alternatives should be sought if no improvement occurs by three months...
Views: 5803 Jeff Quitney
How Alexander Fleming Accidentally Discovered Penicillin
 
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1) Why was Penicillin an accidental discovery ? 2) Name some of the diseases Penicillin can cure ? 3) Why did the British and American armies decide to mass produce penicillin from 1941 to 1945? 4) What was Flemming awarded? 5) Why is Flemming seen as a hero ? 6) What is the only problem with antibiotics ?
Views: 78621 Daniel Koechlin
The Antibiotic Apocalypse Explained
 
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What is the Antibiotic Apocalypse? What is it all about? And how dangerous is it? Kurzgesagt MERCH! http://bit.ly/1P1hQIH Support us on Patreon so we can make more stuff (and get cool wallpapers): https://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt?ty=h Get the music of the video here: Soundcloud: http://bit.ly/1Lqpa69 Bandcamp: http://bit.ly/1pnWMqG Epic Mountain Music: http://bit.ly/22k7EYF THANKS A LOT TO OUR LOVELY PATRONS FOR SUPPORTING US: Sara Priselac, Eric, José Díez, Antonie Coetzee, Julien Dubois, Mert Tekin, Reno, Ran Moneta, Terry Breen-Smith, Azri Rostam, Guy Nicholson, DeAdrean Martin, Ty Cook, Wes Blind, Marc Stein, Mathias Højbjerg, Rustan Curman, Christopher Homs, Selene Kwan, Nikita, Jamie Buch, Yong-Bi Jo, Charles Cartwrighte, Steven Ferrari, Logan Kent, Danimal, Matthias Gyllenvarg, Kieran Keegan, Jai Kowalik, Chad Mellor, Karla Brilman, Daniel Dchuette, Lindsey Skouras, Allan Lehamnn Kristensen, Michael DeFreitas, James Wiles, Brian Lathrop, Kyle Sayers, Zack, Touki Wawa Wang, David Campos, Conner Fissell, Atlas Moon, Trevor Kam, Anon, Jan Sundgaard Schultz, Andrew Wissam Chidiac Cherian The Antibiotic Apocalypse Explained Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Alexander Fleming and the Accidental Mould Juice – The Serendipity of Science (2/3)
 
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For more like this subscribe to the Open University channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXsH4hSV_kEdAOsupMMm4Qw Free learning from The Open University: http://www.open.edu/ - - - - Alexander Fleming and the Accidental Mould Juice – The Serendipity of Science (2/3) When Alexander Fleming came back from holiday he noticed that mould contamination on an experimental plate had killed a pathogen. Fleming wondered 'Why?' Careful observation, rigorous scientific thinking and painstaking experimental work led to the discovery of pencillin. This material relates to the Open University course Exploring Science (S104). (Part 2 of 3) Playlist link: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhQpDGfX5e7AjUi2OPDIkOqQv8uFhl3ZU Transcript: http://media-podcast.open.ac.uk/feeds/3399_serendipityofsciencesavinglives/transcript/36566_nc_2015_mooc_vid003.pdf - - - - Learn more for free about studying Basic Science with Open Learn: http://www.open.edu/openlearn/science-maths-technology/basic-science-understanding-experiments/content-section-overview Study Exploring Science with the Open University: http://www.open.ac.uk/courses/modules/s104 - - - - Follow us on #OUFreeLearning Twitter https://twitter.com/OUFreeLearning
USA: SMITHSONIAN ACQUIRES 1ST PENICILLIN MOULD
 
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English/Nat A mould that produced the first penicillin, grandfather of all antibiotics, has been acquired by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. The mould is a round, gray, flat, fuzzy-looking substance about an inch and a half wide, encased in glass. Next to it is a facsimile of the reverse side, showing the handwritten inscription: "The mould that makes Penicillin. Alexander Fleming." Fleming, a Scot, developed penicillin in 1928. He had been working on the possibility of an agent to kill bacteria, but succeeded by accident. A culture of bacteria left unprotected was contaminated by a mould - a fungus from the air. Scientists say that discovery was one of the most important of the 20th century. SOUNDBITE: (English) "I think everyone would say that the discovery of penicillin was one of the most important particularly at that time when infectious diseases were the number one killer in people of both the developed world and the underdeveloped countries, the United States and Europe and the underdeveloped and less developed countries." SUPER CAPTION: Scott Hopkins, MD, Pfizer Central Research He noticed that bacteria were killed in an area around the fungus. He managed to grow the fungus in a broth, but had trouble extracting the substance that killed the bacteria. Other researchers made progress in the 1930s, but they could only produce tiny quantities. Under the pressures of World War II, an American pharmaceutical firm found a way to mass produce it in 1944. Penicillin and its successors have saved millions of lives. SOUNDBITE: (English) "It's easy to forget that at the turn of the century when people came into pharmacies like this and even after WWII many were dying from infection, sometime from just a simple cut. Artifacts like the penicillin mold takes us back to an exciting time in history when the war against infections began to be won." SUPER CAPTION: Ray Kondratas, Curator and Chair, Div. of Science, Medicine and Society, National Museum of American History Pfizer Inc, the original mass producers, bought one of the two slides that Fleming gave his laboratory assistant, paying 35,160 US dollars at a London auction in 1996. The company lent it to a Smithsonian travelling exposition, "Microbes: Invisible Invaders, Amazing Allies," now on show in Washington at the International Gallery of the Smithsonian. SOUNDBITE: (English) "That gave us a tool to work with and the knowledge that we could take natural products the product of a mold and use that and manipulate it chemically to allow us to treat infections, and that was really the first time that we knew that we could do that." SUPER CAPTION: Scott Hopkins, MD, Pfizer Central Research Although penicillin was a breakthrough drug in fighting disease, now scientists worry that bacteria are developing ways to resist antibiotics faster than new ones can be found. Pfizer's board formally made a gift of the slide to the Smithsonian on Thursday. Sotheby's auction house authenticated the inscription as Fleming's handwriting. After the exhibit closes here September 6, it will travel to the Chicago Academy of Sciences and at least nine other American cities through January 5, 2003, before going into the National Museum of American History. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/40ad46806a111a63279b6209fb49c169 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 62 AP Archive
Rise of the Superbugs
 
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Check out GROSS SCIENCE: http://bit.ly/1DH5zbv Subscribe: http://bit.ly/iotbs_sub Twitter: @okaytobesmart ↓ More info and sources below ↓ Are we entering the post-antibiotic era? Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise, with millions of infections reported every year and thousands of deaths. How does antibiotic resistance work? How did we get here? And what can we do in the future to make sure that papercuts don't spell a death sentence? Explore further: Imagining the Post-Antibiotics Future - Maryn McKenna: https://medium.com/editors-picks/892b57499e77 Antibiotic-Resistant Germs, Lying in Wait Everywhere - Carl Zimmer: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/08/science/antibiotic-resistant-germs-lying-in-wait.html?_r=2 The story of Alexander Fleming's discovery of penicillin: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/flemingpenicillin.html Ramanan Laxminarayan at TEDMED: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWHq2m_Hwhw FDA statement on Triclosan (in antibacterial soap): http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm205999.htm Have an idea for an episode or an amazing science question you want answered? Leave a comment below! Follow on Twitter: http://twitter.com/okaytobesmart http://twitter.com/jtotheizzoe Follow on Tumblr: http://www.itsokaytobesmart.com Follow on Instagram: http://instagram.com/jtotheizzoe ----------------- It's Okay To Be Smart is written and hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.DFollow me on Twitter: @jtotheizzoe Email me: itsokaytobesmart AT gmail DOT com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/itsokaytobesmart Google+ https://plus.google.com/+itsokaytobesmart For more awesome science, check out: http://www.itsokaytobesmart.com Produced by PBS Digital Studios: http://www.youtube.com/user/pbsdigitalstudios Joe Hanson - Creator/Host/Writer Joe Nicolosi - Director Amanda Fox - Producer, Spotzen IncKate Eads - Associate Producer Andrew Matthews - Editing/Motion Graphics/Animation Katie Graham - Director of Photography John Knudsen - Gaffer Dalton Allen - Post-Production Intern Theme music: "Ouroboros" by Kevin MacLeod Other music via APM Stock images from Shutterstock, stock footage from Videoblocks ----------------- Last week's video: The Recipe For Life https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tuBWjY9BpEc More videos: Why Does February Have 28 Days? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgKaHTh-_Gs Why Vaccines Work https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3aNhzLUL2ys Why Are Some People Left-Handed? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPvMUpcxPSA Where Does the Smell of Rain Come From? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lGcE5x8s0B8
Views: 446915 It's Okay To Be Smart
Post-Antibiotic World | Indonesia's Palm Bomb (VICE on HBO: Season 3, Episode 6)
 
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We rely on antibiotics to treat everything from stomach bugs to skin rashes to bronchitis. In fact, we’ve been overusing them—and in doing so giving rise to new crop of dangerous bacterial infections that can’t be treated by anything we can get at the pharmacy. The more we use antibiotics, the more we help these superbugs build up their resistance. It’s an evolutionary battle, and the humans are losing. The projections are dire: according to some experts, antibiotic-resistant bacteria could kill 10 million people a year by 2050, surpassing cancer deaths. With their backs to the wall, scientists are now racing to find new natural sources of anti-bacterial compounds. VICE’s Thomas Morton travels along as they search deep in the jungle and deep underground for the life-saving drugs we so desperately need. Then: palm oil is used in almost all of the foods we eat and most of our household products—everything from packaged bread to cookies to toothpaste and soap. Production of palm oil has surged as a cheap alternative to trans fats. But as demand grows, growers in Indonesia are pushing farther and farther onto rainforest land, torching the forests as they go. The mass-burning of Indonesian jungles poses a major threat to wildlife, indigenous populations, and our global climate. VICE’s Ben Anderson goes to Indonesia to see the realities of the palm oil boom up close. VICE returns on Friday, February 5 at 11PM, exclusively on HBO Watch Season 1: http://bit.ly/1HyVviK Watch Season 2: http://bit.ly/1LBL8y6 Click here to subscribe to VICE: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://bit.ly/VICE-Videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our Tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/vice Check out our Pinterest: https://pinterest.com/vicemag
Views: 324776 VICE
Penicillin: Discovery, Benefits and Resistance
 
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Penicillin is a drug used to fight bacterial infection. Its accidental discovery ushered in a new age of medicine. It was hailed as a "miracle drug" that would eradicate infectious diseases. Today, there are many types of natural and synthetic types of penicillin, which are used to treat a wide range of ailments. However, over the years, some bacteria have become resistant to penicillin, making some infections difficult to treat. It isn't really known who first realized that mold contained medicinal qualities, but it is acknowledged that ancient Egyptians would poultice wounds with moldy bread, according to the American Chemical Society (ACS). Alexander Fleming, a professor of bacteriology in London, is credited with discovering penicillin in 1928. Returning from vacation, he started cleaning up his messy lab and noticed that some petri dishes containing Staphylococcus bacteria had been contaminated with a mold, Penicillium notatum, which was inhibiting the growth of the bacteria, according to Dr. Howard Markel in a column for PBS NewHour. Fleming researched the juice produced by the mold and determined that it killed many types of bacteria. His team then went on to isolate pure penicillin from the mold juice. "When I woke up just after dawn on September 28, 1928, I certainly didn't plan to revolutionize all medicine by discovering the world's first antibiotic, or bacteria killer. But I guess that was exactly what I did," Fleming later wrote about his discovery. Fleming didn't have the resources to fully develop his discovery. Other bacteriologists tried to purify penicillin but failed. Finally, in 1939, Howard Florey, a pathology professor at Oxford University, read Fleming's paper in the British Journal of Experimental Pathology, and he and his colleagues worked to purify and create useable penicillin. After churning out around 132 gallons (500 liters) of mold filtrate per week and testing on animals, they were finally able to try the new drug on a human. On February 12, 1941, Albert Alexander got the first dose of penicillin, according to the ACS. The treatment started to heal him of a life-threatening infection in just a few days. Unfortunately, the Oxford team ran out of the drug before Alexander was completely healed, and he died. The first successful treatment happened a year later in 1942. It was given to Anne Miller, a patient at New Haven Hospital in Connecticut who had suffered a miscarriage and developed an infection that led to blood poisoning. During World War II, penicillin was mass-produced and used to fight infections among soldiers. Throughout history, infections had killed more soldiers than battle injuries, Markel wrote. "In World War I, the death rate from bacterial pneumonia was 18 percent; in WWII, it fell to less than 1 percent." In 1945, Fleming, Florey and Florey's teammate, Ernst Chain, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of penicillin. Penicillin is given to patients with an infection caused by bacteria. As an antibiotic, it inhibits the growth of bacteria or kills it. It does this by preventing bacterial enzymes from creating cell wall growth. It also activates other enzymes so that they will break down the cell walls of microorganisms, as well, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. Sometimes penicillin is also prescribed to help medical problems not related to bacterial infections, such as leptospirosis, chlamydia in pregnant women, helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, gas gangrene, Lyme disease and typhoid fever, according to the Mayo Clinic. Different kinds of penicillin are used for various infections. Some types of penicillin are amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin G and penicillin V. Though penicillin has saved many lives, it isn't always helpful for everyone. For example, some people have penicillin allergies that can cause hives, rashes, itching, anaphylaxis and other symptoms. Beyond allergies, penicillin is becoming less useful over time. At least 2 million people in the United States become infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics each year, and at least 23,000 people die as a result, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Simply using antibiotics creates resistance, according to the CDC. While antibiotics kill bacteria causing illness, they also kill "good" bacteria that protect the body from infection. The drug-resistant bacteria grow and take over, and some bacteria give their drug resistance to other bacteria. Resistant germs spread to other patients from unclean hands or surfaces.
Views: 1147 News 7/24
How It's Made Pills
 
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Discovery / Science Channel's "How It's Made" Pills episode
Views: 448424 TRR56
Production of antibiotics, 1950's.  Archive film 96036
 
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Close up of a clear zone around a bacteria colony, this is an indication of antibiotic production. Six test tubes with pure cultures of bacteria producing antibiotics, pan over the same cultures being grown in flasks (constantly agitated to encourage growth). Industrial antibiotic production. Pan of the industrial tanks. A technician is packing purified antibiotic. Close up of bottles containing antibiotics such as Penicillin, Aureo-Mycin, Terra-Mycin, Strepto-Mycin, Erythro-Mycin. Two pigs, one larger than the other, the larger pig was fed antibiotics in the diet which promoted rapid growth. A microbiology laboratory with two microbiologists presumably doing research on transferring bacteria to food materials in order to study the bi-products released during bacterial growth. A small scale laboratory extraction (isolation of bacterial bio-products)
Views: 515 HuntleyFilmArchives
28th September 1928: Penicillin discovered by Alexander Fleming
 
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On the 28th September 1928, the bacteriologist Alexander Fleming laid for the foundation for a revolution in modern medicine when he discovered the world’s first antibiotic. Penicillin – which Fleming originally referred to as ‘mould juice’ – was initially met with little attention or enthusiasm by the medical establishment. However, the early 1940s saw research by Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford raise the profile of the drug and begin mass-production to treat Allied casualties in the Second World War. Fleming was always very modest about his contribution to the development of penicillin, and often referred to the ‘Fleming myth’ surrounding the drug. However, as the first person to identify the antibiotic properties of the active substance, Fleming earned the right to name it. He made the discovery after returning to his laboratory after a family holiday and finding that a petri dish containing staphylococci bacteria had been contaminated with an unidentified fungus. The bacteria around the fungus had been destroyed, whereas bacteria that was further away survived. It was at this point that he famously uttered the words, “That’s funny” and began investigating the fungus. Over time Fleming identified that the fungus came from the genus penicillium, and laboratory tests indicated that it could be used to destroy a variety of disease-causing bacteria. However, despite his best efforts he was never able to cultivate the fungus in any significant quantity or isolate the active ingredient. The work of subsequent scientists was therefore vital to the development of the antibiotic, although without Fleming there would have been no fungus to investigate.
Views: 2699 HistoryPod
Penicillin: The Catalyst of the Twentieth Century
 
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This was our entry into the 2013 NHD Baltimore, MD regionals. The theme was "Turning Points in History."
Views: 141 Tucker Chapin
Attack of the Super Bugs
 
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Don't panic! But you should really know about antibiotic-resistant bacteria, aka super bugs. They're here, and they're doing very well, thank you. SciShow explains what they are, how they're getting around our best drugs, and what science (and you) can do to help. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2011/08/31/bacteria-resisting-antibiotics-for-at-least-30000-bc/ http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/superbug http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/jpids/prpaper.pdf http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/antibiotic-use/antibiotic-resistance-faqs.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-do-antibiotics-kill-b/ http://health.howstuffworks.com/medicine/medication/question88.htm http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/dm28pe.html http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1945/fleming-bio.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RpKZvnJwicA CDC ad https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikZQPB45Zbw -- Karl Klose TED talk http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/campaign-materials/print-materials/Brochure-general-color.pdf http://www.livescience.com/43301-explainer-what-is-a-virus.html http://www.microbeworld.org/types-of-microbes/bacteria http://uhavax.hartford.edu/bugl/histepi.htm http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-diseases/plague-article/ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tim-fothergill-phd/superbugs_b_4709723.html http://www.bioexpress.ac.cn/upload/20110916-nature10388.pdf http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC90351/ http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/consumer-health/in-depth/antibiotics/art-20045720 http://www.idsociety.org/Index.aspx http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/resistance-to-antibiotics-is-becoming-a-crisis/2012/07/10/gJQAFwFfbW_story.html http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tim-fothergill-phd/antibiotic-research_b_4784234.html http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/04/16/cid.cit152.full http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/swapping-germs/ http://www.mayoclinic.org/medical-professionals/clinical-updates/digestive-diseases/quick-inexpensive-90-percent-cure-rate - fecal transplant http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110608093745.htm http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120326113626.htm http://www.healthline.com/health-news/tech-two-new-techniques-to-fight-bacteria-without-antibiotics-101813 http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2013/oct/beyond-antibiotics-%E2%80%9Cppmos%E2%80%9D-offer-new-approach-bacterial-infection -PPMO * http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3278648/ -- phage* http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2011-11/bacteria-swap-gene-information-through-global-network http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2011/hgt-bacteria-1031 http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/life/cellular-microscopic/question561.htm http://www.evolution-of-life.com/en/observe/video/fiche/mutations-selection-the-bacteria-resist.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21942/
Views: 608066 SciShow
What Would Happen in a World WITHOUT ANTIBIOTICS
 
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The first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming and they are used to fight bacterial diseases and infections. The problem is that they are overprescribed and often prescribed to fight viruses, like the common cold and influenza, despite the fact that antibiotics aren’t effective against viruses. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 → → GET A T-SHIRT - http://www.toptenz.net/toptenz-t-shirts →Top 10 Objects That Were Clearly Invented Just to Annoy Physics: https://youtu.be/0MVGeRa-vLo →Simon's VLOG: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvqt8j7DfPmveJp3UOk9XTg Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theoriginaltoptenz/ Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 CONSPIRACY Theories About MEDICINE https://youtu.be/uDFi1VeayTw?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnLt3JIYHY_PUk7TrxFJZFGK Top 10 SHOCKING Real Theories About ZOMBIES https://youtu.be/wSzxKur2b20?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnLt3JIYHY_PUk7TrxFJZFGK Text version: Coming up: 10. Couldn't Treat Infectious Disease 9. Tattoos Will Become Less Popular 8. Rates of Cosmetic Surgery Will Decrease 7. Most People Will Have to Become Vegan 6. Cancer Treatment Would Stop 5. No More Major Surgery or Organ Transplants 4. Accidents Could be Death Sentences 3. Condom Sales Will Skyrocket 2. Child Birth Will Become Much More Dangerous 1. Economic Collapse Source/Further reading: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/E_coli_at_10000x,_original.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6f/Angel_tattoo.JPG https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Breast_implants_in_hand_01.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/59/2789694551_37beafc438_b_-_Grass_Fed_Beef_-_Ryan_Thompson_-_Flickr_-_USDAgov.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d5/Radiation_therapy.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/Flickr_-_Official_U.S._Navy_Imagery_-_Doctors_perform_surgery_together..jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/Head_On_Collision.jpg https://pixabay.com/static/uploads/photo/2015/07/17/15/40/red-condoms-849407_960_720.jpg https://pixabay.com/static/uploads/photo/2014/05/31/09/01/woman-358779_960_720.jpg https://pixabay.com/static/uploads/photo/2013/11/22/06/30/crash-215512_960_720.jpg
Views: 33138 TopTenz
Is Dairy Holding You Back? Health Hack- Thomas DeLauer
 
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Is Dairy Holding You Back- Health Hack with Thomas DeLauer is an in-depth look at the history of the dairy industry, the changes in practices over the last 20 years, and how it may be affecting your digestion, protein absorption and overall tolerance for lactose. Find out how hormones, antibiotics and mass production on dairy farms may potentially be causing adverse health issues. Join Celebrity Trainer & Organic Foods Expert, Thomas DeLauer to find out how you can determine what your tolerance is to dairy and how it may affect you. Learn how to avoid excess inflammation and ensure that you are getting proper levels of Omage-3 to help you stay on track toward your health and fitness goals. Thomas Creates Loads of Health and Fitness Videos, and you can get more of them at: http://www.ThomasDeLauer.com If you found this video helpful, head on over and “like” Thomas’s facebook fan page at http://www.Facebook.com/Thomas.DeLauer and subscribe to my channel on YouTube at the link below. I’ll see you there! Click here to follow Thomas DeLauer on YouTube for more Health & Fitness Tips: https://www.youtube.com/user/TheTdelauer Thomas Creates Loads of Health and Fitness Videos, and you can get more of them at: http://www.ThomasDeLauer.com Click here to sign up for the free BeFiT newsletter for workout tips, recipes and more! http://befit.com/?utm_source=anno&utm_medium=youtube&utm_campaign=2015 Get more out of your workout! Click here to find out how: https://www.befitfitnessnutrition.com/supplements/?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=befitburn&utm_campaign=anno Click Here to Subscribe to the BeFit channel: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=Befit For full selection of great workouts like this one, visit the BeFit Channel on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/befit Check out our official website at: http://www.befit.com/ Check us out on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/befit Follow us on Twitter at: http://www.twitter.com/befit Follow us on Instagram at: http://instagram.com/befit Check us out on Google+ https://plus.google.com/104994741925506474033/posts Check us out on Pinterest http://www.pinterest.com/befit To purchase DVD's, Check out the Lionsgate Fitness store at: http://www.lionsgateshop.com/search_results.asp?type=fitness&GenreId=8 Disclaimer: Not all exercises are suitable for everyone. If you are concerned about whether the exercises in this or any other diet or exercise program are right for you, do not do them unless and until you’ve cleared it with your physician. This is particularly important if you are overweight, pregnant, nursing, taking regular medications, or have any existing or medical health conditions. The workout tips and instructions included in this video are not a substitute for medical counseling. As with any exercise program, if at any point during your workout you begin to feel faint, dizzy, or have physical discomfort, you should stop immediately. You are responsible for exercising within your limits and seeking medical advice and attention as appropriate. BeFit, its parent, subsidiaries and affiliates are not responsible for any injuries that result from participating in the exercises shown in this program. Enjoy your workout!
Views: 38267 BeFiT
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
 
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Mongols Shirts and Crash Course Posters! http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. While very few leaders were beheaded in the course of this one, it changed the lives of more people more dramatically than any of the political revolutions we've discussed. So, why did the Industrial Revolution happen around 1750 in the United Kingdom? Coal. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. All this, plus you'll finally learn the difference between James Watt and Thomas Newcomen, and will never again be caught telling people that your blender has a 900 Newcomen motor. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3636230 CrashCourse
Penicillin Was Pioneered in Peoria at USDA-ARS Research Lab
 
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The era of antibiotics in medicine was essentially launched at a USDA-ARS research lab in Peoria, Illinois. USDA’s Patrick O’Leary has the story.
Views: 668 USDA
Echinacea Benefits~ "King" Antibiotic, Blood Purification, Immune Stimulation~
 
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~Purple coneflower stimulates the overall activity of the cells responsible for fighting all kinds of infection. Unlike antibiotics, which directly attack bacteria, Purple coneflower makes our own immune cells more efficient at attacking bacteria, viruses and abnormal cells, including cancer cells. It increases the number and activity of immune system cells including anti-tumor cells, promotes T-cell activation, stimulates new tissue growth for wound healing and reduces inflammation in arthritis and inflammatory skin conditions. ~The most consistently proven effect of Purple coneflower is in stimulating phagocytosis (the consumption of invading organisms by white blood cells and lymphocytes). Extracts of Purple coneflower can increase phagocytosis by 20-40%. ~Purple coneflower also stimulates the production of interferon as well as other important products of the immune system, including "Tumor Necrosis Factor", which is important to the body's response against cancer. Purple coneflower also inhibits an enzyme (hyaluronidase) secreted by bacteria to help them gain access to healthy cells. Research in the early 1950's showed that Purple coneflower could completely counteract the effect of this enzyme, helping to prevent infection when used to treat woundsAlthough Purple coneflower is usually used internally for the treatment of viruses and bacteria, it is now being used more and more for the treatment of external wounds. It also kills yeast and slows or stops the growth of bacteria and helps to stimulate the growth of new tissue. It combats inflammation too, further supporting its use in the treatment of wounds. HISTORY AND FOLKLORE Echinacea was used at length by Native Americans and by traditional herbalists in the United States and in Canada. One of the first written accounts was by an equestrian from Louisiana who used this herb topically on horses. According to the ethnobotanical work, Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region, written in 1914 by Melvin Gilmore, "echinacea seems to have been used as a remedy for more ailments than any other plant." A variety of tribes, including the Pawnee, Dakota, Omaha-Winnebego relied heavily upon this plant. It was used for situations ranging from swellings to distemper in horses. This healing herb was administered as a fresh juice, herbal smudge or smoke, and often either the leaf or root was simply chewed on. Echinacea was used traditionally for supporting the immune system and also for topical use. The Eclectic physicians in the United States popularized Echinacea in the late 1800's showing particular interest in E. angustifolia. John Uri Lloyd and John King were major proponents of this herb, extolling its virtues far and wide for several years until it became the single most widely used herb by the Eclectics.It was all the rage until the Eclectic schools closed down in the mid 1930's at which point the popularity of echinacea declined in the United States(Western Medicine took over~ ). It fell out of fashion until the 1970's when herbalists resurrected it. However, during this time, E. purpurea was gaining recognition in Germany. Ironically, E. angustifolia was the species that most traditional herbalists and Native Americans used medicinally, yet E. purpurea was the species that the Germans ended up researching and therefore the one that became the most popular, first in Europe, and then in the United States. Thus, the species which had the most substantiated historical evidence, has the least scientific research.As the story goes, in the 1950's the Swiss naturopathic doctor, Dr. Vogel, came to the U.S. to study Echinacea in South Dakota. He brought seeds back which he believed were from E. angustifolia and gave them to a German doctor who planted them and made medicine. Soon it was discovered that the species was actually E. purpurea which is why it became so popular and widely studied in Europe. HERBAL ACTIONS Immune supporting, depurative, vulnerary, lymphatic, sialagogue My videos are not instructional, and make no claims of anything. If one is extremely ill seek advice of natural health care provider. Thank you~ Have a wonderful day. Stay tuned for Shilajit. This is a miraculous substance that very well may change your life.
A Miracle From A Mould  AKA Alexander Fleming & Penicillin Discovery (1944)
 
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Unissued / unused footage - dates and locations may be unclear / unknown. Titles read: 'African Mirror No. 246 - A MIRACLE FROM A MOULD'. C/Us of mouldy potatoes, bread and fruit. M/S still of Professor Alexander Fleming of St Mary's Hospital, London, the man who discovered penicillin. C/Us of laboratory dishes with mould cultures on them, as commentator explains the work that led to the discovery of the drug. C/U of specimen of penicillin spores that has been sent to South Africa (label on side of bottle is dated 6 January 1944). The bottle is opened and a tiny tube with a pellet inside it taken out. The tube is cut open, the pellet is dropped into a test tube of fluid. The fluid is added to other tubes and incubated in a special cabinet. Later, the tubes are taken out. C/U of one of the test tubes to show it is now a large, mouldy blob. The penicillin is transferred into glass flasks for further incubation. Shot of the flasks with clear liquid inside; fade into shot of flasks with mass of white mould inside. Fluid is taken from the flasks and put into test tubes. C/Us of test tubes shows how the penicillin drug has cleared deadly germs in one of them. Scientist looks through microscope. Magnified view of "the wonder fungus". C/U of still of Professor Alexander Fleming. FILM ID:1944.23 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Views: 4405 British Pathé
Shrimp: The Disgusting Truth
 
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NPR and advocacy group Public Citizen have reported on the disgusting and dangerous conditions of Asian shrimp farms, the same farms that supply 90% of the shrimp in the United States. The Young Turks Ana Kasparian and Cenk Uygur discuss. http://www.citizen.org/cmep/article_redirect.cfm?ID=12706 The Largest Online News Show in the World. Google+: http://www.gplus.to/TheYoungTurks Facebook: Twitter: http://twitter.com/intent/user?screen_name=theyoungturks Support TYT for FREE: http://bit.ly/eWuu5i
Views: 928035 The Young Turks
Problems With The Meat Industry
 
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For US History Class.
Views: 8 HireathHotel11
Antibiotics and Obesity - AMNH SciCafe
 
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Physician and microbiologist Martin Blaser discusses how changes in the human microbiome - through the overuse of antibiotics for example - may be contributing to an increase in chronic conditions including obesity, allergic disorders, and diabetes. This is an abridged version of the lecture. For the full version, listen to the podcast here: http://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/podcasts/scicafe-antibiotics-and-obesity-with-martin-blaser *** Subscribe to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=AMNHorg Check out our full video catalog: http://www.youtube.com/user/AMNHorg Facebook: http://fb.com/naturalhistory Twitter: http://twitter.com/amnh Tumblr: http://amnhnyc.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/amnh *** This video and all media incorporated herein (including text, images, and audio) are the property of the American Museum of Natural History or its licensors, all rights reserved. The Museum has made this video available for your personal, educational use. You may not use this video, or any part of it, for commercial purposes, nor may you reproduce, distribute, publish, prepare derivative works from, or publicly display it without the prior written consent of the Museum. © American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY
HD Stock Footage WWII Penicillin Manufacturing For War Effort 1944 Newsreel
 
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True HD Direct Film Transfers - NO UPCONVERSIONS! http://www.buyoutfootage.com/pages/titles/pd_mnr_139.html Penicillin drug saves Allied lives and is in mass production. Shows how penicillin is manufactured. Please visit our website for additional WWII film titles. http://www.buyoutfootage.com/pages/subtops/pd_mil_wwii.html Buyout Footage is a leading supplier of public domain and royalty free stock footage for filmmakers, broadcasters, advertising agencies, multi-media and production companies worldwide. Historical Footage in True HD.
The Sanitary Movement - A John Snow Epilogue - Extra History
 
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Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC --- (Episode details below) Watch the Broad Street Pump series! http://bit.ly/1NRSAsL Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ John Snow's report on the causes of cholera provided yet more evidence of the dangers of filthy cities. Cities had always been unhealthy places to live, generally with a higher death rate than birth rate, but fixing them just wasn't the focus of an agricultural world economy. The Industrial Revolution in the 1700s brought more people to the cities, and suddenly, cities had to grow in order to maintain the vastly expanded manufacturing and shipping operations of the new era. Edwin Chadwick published a report about the sewage in city streets and clearly explaining the need to remove it. His report led to legislation that created local health boards and drove the construction of complex sewer systems. These sewers were massive, expensive undertakings that, even today, remain the foundation of many large modern cities. They reduced diseases across the board and saved countless human lives, part of a legacy that John Snow would be proud of. ____________ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H Get the outro music here! http://bit.ly/1iYzuEx *Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1LBy9zh
Views: 562044 Extra Credits
The Future of Meat
 
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The Rest Of Us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/TheRestOfUs The Rest Of Us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/TROUchannel The Rest Of Us T-Shirts and More: http://teespring.com/TheRestOfUsClothing Thanks to my Patrons: Duncan Kennedy Hannes Ott Leilah Ruan Guillermo Guzman Jonathan Rieke Cesar E. Lopez Remy Rojas August Noë Levi and Dalton Eduard Kieser Sergey Dubovik Niklas Meinzer Trent Lloyd Reinhard Pointner Paul C Soji Ladele Joe Mako Paul Reeves Sumit Abhinav Ayri Octo Kilos Noah McCann Pascal Wilhelm A. Skinner
Views: 128314 The Rest Of Us
Spy Drones Expose Smithfield Foods Factory Farms
 
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"Spy Drones Expose Smithfield Foods Factory Farms": SINCE 2012, "Speciesism: The Movie" director Mark Devries has been secretly using spy drones to investigate and expose the environmental devastation caused by factory farms. In this video, the drones capture shocking aerial footage of several massive facilities that supply pigs for Smithfield Foods. Find out more at http://FactoryFarmDrones.com
Views: 5573345 SpeciesismTheMovie
'Appetite for Destruction': How Feeding Livestock Strains the Planet
 
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We are eating more meat than at any other time in history, and the largest environmental impact actually comes from what the animals are being fed, says Duncan Williamson, food policy manager for the World Wildlife Fund UK Visit http://therealnews.com for more stories and help support our work by donating at http://therealnews.com/donate.
Views: 3492 TheRealNews
Poultry & The Hormone Myth (long version)
 
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One of the most common, and frustrating, questions for U.S. poultry producers is why hormones are used to produce today's poultry products. Of course, the actual answer is NO HORMONES are used. To address this continuing misinformation, U.S. Poultry & Egg Association has prepared a new video to explain the scientific, economic and legal reasons hormones are not needed or used by the U.S. poultry industry. There are two versions of the video (long & short). The short version is precise and gets to the gist of the video's message quickly. The long version provides more detail for those who are interested. This is the long version.
Views: 44061 PoultryEggAssoc
DNA cloning and recombinant DNA | Biomolecules | MCAT | Khan Academy
 
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Introduction to DNA cloning. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/biomolecules/dna-technology/v/hybridization-microarray?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=mcat Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/biomolecules/dna-technology/v/dna-libraries-generating-cdna?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=mcat MCAT on Khan Academy: Go ahead and practice some passage-based questions! About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s MCAT channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDkK5wqSuwDlJ3_nl3rgdiQ?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 290392 Khan Academy
'The Mould That First Made Penicillin' Sold at Auction
 
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March 1, 'The mould that first made Penicillin' sold in a London auction for $14,617
Food Inc. Chicken Farm
 
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A fed up chicken farmer invites the camera in to film the poor health of her chickens as a result of the abnormal growth. She discusses the use of antibiotics in feed. Please read update below! Update: For an inspiring update on the situation of Carole Morison, the woman in this video, please go see this follow-up short documentary posted by FixFoodOrg: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0D8uiIIIBw You will see that, indeed, there is another way and that this woman made liars out of those who vilified her in the comments, as well as out of those who lack the humanity or imagination to see that things can be done another way. Yes, Perdue terminated her contract shortly after she had the courage to speak out. Today, Carole is farming as a free woman able to exercise values beyond the bottom line, growing chickens in a manner more healthy for Carole, for the chickens, for the environment, and for the people who eat the chickens. Go read and watch more at the youtube post above and take heart.
Views: 142847 geomooful
Top 10 RESOURCES You Had No Idea We’re RUNNING OUT Of
 
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Like it or not, resources are finite. If we don’t use them carefully, we’ll run out. But while we’ve all heard the scary stories about peak oil, we’re guessing you had no idea that we’re running the risk of hitting peak banana. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to admin@toptenz.net Other TopTenz Videos: What Would Happen WITHOUT FROGS in the World https://youtu.be/RyHWy0LURJU?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Top 10 Things That Would Happen if Every Couple Had Just ONE CHILD https://youtu.be/yMe4uqyiOdk?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-resources-you-had-no-idea-were-running-out-of.php Coming up: 10. Bananas 9. New Music 8. Wine 7. Helium 6. Honey Bees 5. Medical Isotopes 4. Caviar 3. Sardines 2. Antibiotics 1. Sand Source/Further reading: http://qz.com/164029/tropical-race-4-global-banana-industry-is-killing-the-worlds-favorite-fruit/ http://www.promusa.org/Tropical+race+4+-+TR4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAcjV60RnRw#t=130 http://www.egopont.com/hearing_tests.php http://www.thedrinksbusiness.com/2014/10/global-wine-production-set-to-drop-in-2014/ http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2012/12/12/why-the-world-will-run-out-of-helium/ http://topics.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/04/11/honey-bees-a-history/?_r=1 http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/the-made-in-canada-isotope-shortage-facing-medical-scans-1.2652667 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/caviar-shortage-no-fish-tale/ http://enenews.com/theyre-all-gone-shock-as-sardines-vanish-off-california-fishermen-didnt-find-a-single-one-all-summer-scientist-this-is-about-the-entire-pacific-coast-noaa-the-young http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/03/were-running-out-of-antibiotics/357573/ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/05/opinion/why-sand-is-disappearing.html https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Map-Latin_America.svg/2000px-Map-Latin_America.svg.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish1.jpeg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DheDd8J1IUE&t=234s http://maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/static/photo/1x/Fruit-Banana-Eat-Child-Children-Cute-Funny-2138531.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Korg_RK-100s_Keytar_-_Head_-_2014_NAMM_Show.jpg/1024px-Korg_RK-100s_Keytar_-_Head_-_2014_NAMM_Show.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/CSIRO_ScienceImage_4626_Irrigation_channels_in_a_vineyard_at_Griffith_NSW_1989.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Xianning-fields-9731.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2d/Helium.svg/2000px-Helium.svg.png http://geology.com/articles/helium/uses-of-helium.gif https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/Crude_Helium_Enrichment_Unit.jpg http://www.alomarcenter.com/img/portfolio/P6.jpg http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish5.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3c/AncientEgyptianRelief-BeeHieroglyph-ROM.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Possible_causes_of_Colony_Collapse_Disorder.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Bee.jpg https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2289/2327501747_5d44940229_b.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Tc99minjektion.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Electron_shell_043_technetium.png/936px-Electron_shell_043_technetium.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish6.jpg http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish7.jpg
Views: 103411 TopTenz
Smart Inventions of the 1920s That Changed the World for Good
 
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There were numerous inventions in 1920s that were beneficial for society. Antibiotics like penicillin were made in this decade. Americans remember the 1920s as a period which heralded the era of modern lifestyle and consumerism. The World War I had come to an end, and due to the boom in the consumer goods industry, new products were available. The period was also a time of inventions and discoveries, and many new gadgets and appliances came into being in the 1920s decade. If you want to know more about such path-breaking inventions of the 1920s, visit http://www.buzzle.com/articles/inventions-of-the-1920s.html
Views: 2169 Buzzle
Organic Food Science: What Does Organic Mean and is Organic Food Healthier?
 
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To support our channel and level up your health, check out: Our Fast Weight Loss Course: http://thehealthnerds.com/the-science-of-fast-weight-loss-course Our Better Health Basics Course: http://thehealthnerds.com/food-health-happiness Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thehealthnerds/ PRODUCE GUIDE: https://snaped.fns.usda.gov/seasonal-produce-guide On this video, we will be covering organic food, what does organic mean, and answering the question of is organic food healthier. And at the end we’re going to discuss what foods are the most important to eat organic. Let’s get started by answering the question of what does organic mean? Organic food is food produced with the standards of organic farming. Standards vary worldwide, but they general mean food produced without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. http://www.organic.org/home/faq Animals products only qualify as organic if they do not take antibiotics or hormones during their development. Now I should clarify, pesticides can be used by organic farmers on crops, just as long as they are derived from natural sources and are not synthetically created. https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/howto/guide/organic Because mass producing crops without ANY pesticides would be a nightmare with wasted food in epic proportions. As my home boys over at ASAP Science so aptly put, just because a bag of chips has the “organic” label on them, does not make them healthy. Cookies, chips, and ice cream are not suddenly good for you because they are organic. But when people ask is organic food healthier, they are usually asking for a comparison of foods like veggies, fruits, and certain animal products. The scientific data we have is actually VERY so split on this issue: The reason: Money money money. MONEY. Monsanto, the famous poster child for evil pesticide producers, makes over 4.5 BILLION dollars in sales yearly and spends an average of 5 million dollars a year in public lobbying. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monsanto When most people say that organic is not healthier for you, they usually cite a Stanford Review done in 2012 that came to conclusion that organic foods are not more nutritious than conventional foods. http://annals.org/aim/article/1355685/organic-foods-safer-healthier-than-conventional-alternatives-systematic-review Although, the study did concede that organic does limit the exposure or pesticides and antibiotic resistant bacteria. A new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition is the latest addition to the debate. It’s the largest meta-analysis that has been published on this topic, covering 343 individual studies looking into organic food. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26878105 One of the major conclusions found organic foods could boost a person’s antioxidant intake by up to 40%. One thing in favor of eating organic that these studies can not refute is reducing the amount of pesticides being ingested… On average, pesticides like cadmium had levels 400% lower, respectively, in organic produce than in conventional varieties. Since cadmium is a highly toxic metal that has been linked to an increased risk of everything from Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease, and hormone disruption, it’s probably a good idea to minimize cadmium in your diet. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24557150 Other study’s have also linked pesticide exposure in children to ADHD and other development problems like low IQ. http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1989564,00.html https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/pesticide-exposure-in-womb-affects-i-q/?_r=0 So, are organic foods healthier for you? Yes! In some studies, they have slightly more nutrients and do minimize our exposure to synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, and hormones added to what we eat. So should everyone eat organic? Not really. Cost is an issue for many people. #1. It seems animal products are more important to be organic than veggies. #2. Frozen organic foods are always a little cheaper #3. Use the clean 15 and dirty dozen list for fruits and veggies The Clean 15 are non-organic foods that have minimal pesticide exposure • Avocados • Sweet Corn • Pineapples • Cabbage • Frozen Sweet Peas • Onions • Asparagus • Mangos • Papayas • Kiwi • Eggplant • Honey Dew • Grapefruit • Cantelope • Cauliflower The dirty dozen on the other hand are the foods that have a lot of pesticide load if consumed non-organic. These foods are: • Strawberries • Apples • Nectarines • Peaches • Celery • Grapes • Cherries • Spinach • Tomatoes • Sweet bell peppers • Cherry tomatoes • Cucumbers Cheers!
Views: 62137 The Health Nerd
How the Gut Microbiome affects the Brain and Mind
 
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Get 10% off any purchase here: http://squarespace.com/WIL ▲Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/WILearned ▲Twitter: https://twitter.com/jeverettlearned ▲Bitcoin: 1CuSEgDr5raV3XKoHL7W19QRoCkE3iHt1X The gut microbiota is a huge topic and has some very significant implications for health and nutrition. Here I've explained just a tiny bit of the research. A pdf with a transcript for the video and links to sources can be found here: https://www.patreon.com/posts/17115405 ________ Books: "The Good Gut" by Justin and Erica Sonnenburg - http://amzn.to/2ETThV2 "Missing Microbes" By Martin Blaser - http://amzn.to/2Hu43jh "Brain Maker" By David Perlmutter - http://amzn.to/2sF5EiO (Not mentioned in the video, but another good book on the subject) Will have the transcript with links up soon Featured Music: Broke for Free - Meiei Chris Zabriskie - Mario Bava Sleeps in a Little Later than he expected to Broke for Free - Breakfast with Tiffany Chris Zabriskie - Divider Kevin MacLeod - Rollin at 5 For Business inquiries: joseph.everett.wil@gmail.com
Views: 251182 What I've Learned
Turning Your Daily Life Green
 
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Video from the Boyle Consultancy Company about how to slowly turn your life green. www.BoyleGreenConsultancy.com ignore tags: air pollutants, pollution, polluting, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxides, global warming, carbon dioxide, particle pollution, ultra violet, emitted, cars, factories, chemically, sunlight, asthma, respiratory infections, lung illnesses, heart illnesses, carbon monoxide, odourless, colourless, high proportion of CO, CO, industry, bush fires, restricts blood flow, cardiovascular problems, sulphur dioxide, rotten eggs, reactive, power plants, industrial boilers, fuelsearths depletion of resources, depletion of resources, consuming resources, damaging the earth, earth regeneration, running out of resources, worlds population, grain supply, starvation, developing nations, greenhouse gases, greenhouse pollutants, ozone depleting gases, earths atmosphere, grow, replenish, sources are running out, amount of land, land, growing crops, urbanization, land clearing, deserts, forests, unsuitable climates, water, rapid population growth, waste water, rainfall, drought, energy, over reliance, fossil fuels fresh water, fossil fuels, biological resources, food production process, animal extinction, enhance food production, human behavior, impacthealth problems, health benefits, green, local environments, spread disease, green issue, toxic chemical leaks, water toxicity, environmental regulations, leaks, toxic poisoning, poisoning, human effluent, feces, water, contaminated, contaminated water, mass food production, mass production, additives, antibiotics, artificial hormones, pesticides, artificial fertilizer, quantities of crops Health problems, health benefits, local environments, green issues, green, urban areas, grouping, sources of pollution, sources of infection, world travel, medical advances, flu pandemic, communities, outbreaks, viruses, commuters, visitors, devastation, animals, birds, insects, wildlife, causing damage, natural ecosystems, environments, factory emissions, pollution of air, pollution of land, pollution of water, asthma, respiratory diseases, traffic volumehuman impact, green, environmental, sustainable, development, greenhouse gases, toxic waste, respitory infections, illnesses, medicines, plastics, textiles, detergents, paints, pesticides, by-products, air river streams, waste, manufacturing process, energy, fossil fuels, coal, alternative enrgy, solar, wind, hydro, gas emissions, health, waste disposal, landfill, incinerators, pollution, urban populations, economic growth, viruses ignore tags: Rewards of a Sustainable Lifestyle, Sustainable Lifestyle, Green lifestyle, green business, ethical business, health and development, health, future generations without sustainable development, ethical firms, less consumption, recycling, water bill, energy bill, growing, fruit and vegetables, car, public transport, greening home appliances, saving money, green profitability, boycotting, pollutions, regulations, walking, cycling, organic food, rising sea levels, polar icecaps, strong storms, floods, community damage increased flooding, mass produced food, lower quality foods, health implications, health problems, population damage, changing ecosystems, new viruses, higher levels of poverty, agricultural production, limations, povery increase "General Consumption" unreliable humans planet damage lifestyles goods cars "demand increase" "manufacturing process" energy "precious resources" oil coal "create energy" "waste genetated" atmosphere "damaging gases" floods hurricanes "melting of the polar icecaps" drought famine "natural disasters" Climate Change, changing, summer, science, problems, united nations, intergovernmental panel, global surface temperature, warming rate, apline, continental glaciers, norther hemisphere, lakes, rivers, ice, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, atmosphere, greenhouse gases, fossil fuels, cutting down trees, trees, photosynthesis, pollution, planting Climate Change, Effects of Climate Change, rainfall, weather related events, storms, floods, rising sea levels, big bush fires, pest infestations, infectious diseases, global temperatures, adapt, technology, forest fires, extreme heat, epidemics, tropical areas, drought, dry regions, coastal erosion, erosion, building collapses, intense rainfall, flash floods, monsoons, freak storms, arid areas
Views: 85 boylegreen
BREAKING: Putin Unveils LOW-ALTITUDE, Cruise Missile With UNLIMITED Cruising Range
 
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Subscribe to Vesti News Subscribe to Vesti News https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCa8MaD6gQscto_Nq1i49iew?sub_confirmation=1 Russian president Vladimir Putin is delivering his annual presidential address to the Federal Assembly in Moscow, Russia. Members of the government, both houses of the Russian Parliament and other officials and public figures are gathering at the Kremlin’s St. George Hall for the event. Subscribe to Russia Insight https://www.youtube.com/c/RussiaInsight?sub_confirmation=1 Donate Bitcoin 17svLdxJmzf8GyehbpqVpbiJhxs8j66G26 Donate Litecoin LbCxkRx7ikFbZiHt69nc2hVrAeakqdFo7t Donate Ethereum 0xd760DEedaA49Ff2C8BdfeB7f332b407EDe272b18
Views: 43432 Russia Insight
Farm & Food Processing Modernization: "Miracles From Agriculture" 1960 USDA 13min
 
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more at http://food.quickfound.net/ "Presents today's supermarkets as the showplaces of agriculture; discusses methods of improvement in the growing, handling, processing, and shipping of food products." NEW VERSION with improved video & sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hmrb7wqS_5E Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archive, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture Agriculture also called farming or husbandry is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. Agriculture generally speaking refers to human activities, although it is also observed in certain species of ant and termite. The word agriculture is the English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, "a field", and cultūra, "cultivation" in the strict sense of "tillage of the soil". Thus, a literal reading of the word yields "tillage of fields". The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands that are suitable for raising domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form of irrigation, although there are methods of dryland farming; pastoral herding on rangeland is still the most common means of raising livestock. In the developed world, industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture (e.g. permaculture or organic agriculture). Until the Industrial Revolution, the vast majority of the human population labored in agriculture. Pre-industrial agriculture was typically subsistence agriculture in which farmers raised most of their crops for their own consumption instead of for trade. A remarkable shift in agricultural practices has occurred over the past century in response to new technologies, and the development of world markets. This also led to technological improvements in agricultural techniques, such as the Haber-Bosch method for synthesizing ammonium nitrate which made the traditional practice of recycling nutrients with crop rotation and animal manure less necessary. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, pesticides and fertilizers, and technological improvements have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects.[6] Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry such as intensive pig farming have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal cruelty and the health effects of the antibiotics, growth hormones, and other chemicals commonly used in industrial meat production. The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials. In the 21st century, plants have been used to grow biofuels, biopharmaceuticals, bioplastics, and pharmaceuticals. Specific foods include cereals, vegetables, fruits, and meat. Fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Raw materials include lumber and bamboo. Other useful materials are produced by plants, such as resins. Biofuels include methane from biomass, ethanol, and biodiesel. Cut flowers, nursery plants, tropical fish and birds for the pet trade are some of the ornamental products. Regarding food production, the World Bank targets agricultural food production and water management as an increasingly global issue that is fostering an important and growing debate. In 2007, one third of the world's workers were employed in agriculture. The services sector has overtaken agriculture as the economic sector employing the most people worldwide. Despite the size of its workforce, agricultural production accounts for less than five percent of the gross world product (an aggregate of all gross domestic products)...
Views: 9718 Jeff Quitney
Horrible life cycle of broiler hens
 
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Broiler chicken going to hell Too bad.......😢
Views: 8479 lucy Daniel
Fleming, Florey and Chain and the discovery of penicillin.  Film 15072
 
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Penicillin. The discovery and use of Penicillin. (French sound version) The front of St Mary's Hospital, Paddington, London. Next, a shot of several test tubes, in a rack in a laboratory, then a view of Sir Alexander Fleming transferring a bacterial culture from one dish to another. One of the dishes has become contaminated by a fungus. Fleming notices that the growth of bacteria near this fungus has been inhibited. He pursues these processes, grows more of the fungus and tries its effect on various organisms. Fleming is seen handling various cultures of the fungus, penicillin notatum, in dishes and test tubes and examining them after leaving them in an incubator. He confirms the antibacterial activity and calls the active principle "Penicillin". Next there are brief shots of a microscope slide showing that red cells are not harmed by Penicillin and of a group of mice in a cage. Next we see Professor Florey and Professor Chain in their laboratory in Oxford. They and other researchers are seen confirming the effect of penicillin. They work to devise a method of producing it in larger amounts. The fungus is difficult to grow and we see the many bottles of liquid culture that are needed to produce a few grams of penicillin in powder form. We see a group of laboratory mice which have been infected with bacteria. Those which have been given penicillin survive, the others die. In the next scene we see a series of large steel drums in which penicillin is being made industrially. Then we see patients in hospital, including a baby of three months, being treated successfully with penicillin. In the next scene, we see a factory in which penicillin is now being made on a large scale. Thousands of jars and bottles are seen moving along a conveyor belt. Staff wear surgical masks. The demand for penicillin is particularly high because of the casualties of war. There are final shots of Fleming, Florey and Chain in their labs. The commentary says "The invention of penicillin has opened new horizons in the struggle against infection diseases."
Views: 2775 HuntleyFilmArchives
LYME DISEASE USA EPIDEMIC AND NATURAL CURE
 
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UNFORTUNATELY, I WAS AT GROUND ZERO IN OHIO WHEN THE LAB-INFECTED TICS WERE RELEASED. BESIDES THE OLIVE LEAF EXTRACT, I ALSO TAKE OREGANO OIL CAPSULES AND MANUKA HONEY. WHEN I WAS FIRST DIAGNOSED, I TOOK COLLOIDAL SILVER. I NOW MAKE MY OWN SAGE TEA TO KILL PARASITES. LINK: http://thinkprogress.org/health/2012/09/29/930901/mitt-romneys-lyme-disease-mailers-dangerous/?mobile=nc FOR MORE HELPFUL INFO ON LYME DISEASE: http://www.lymesentinel.blogspot.com/
Views: 54175 faceintree
Foster Farms promotes new antibiotic-free chicken products
 
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Saying the Millennial generation of shoppers wants to know how its food is raised and grown, Foster Farms this spring has begun producing chicken without antibiotics that are used for humans. Foster Farms' Communications Director Ira Brill explains the move.
Views: 82 TheCVBizJournal
Why are Vaccines Important? How do they work? | Urdu / Hindi | My Channel Video | Goher Ali Rizvi
 
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Before you watch this video, watch related video first: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMMLk5h-YaI This video talks about Vaccines and how do they work, Vaccines work in conjunction with our body's Immune system.. They help Body become well prepared and trained before actual harmfull infection takes place in the body. Vaccines are of 3 types 1) Live Attenuated Vaccines are live bacterias which are injected in the body but they are made weak so that when they enter in our bodies they do not harm the host.. Instead our neutrophils and Macrophages finds them easily and kills them all with ease. In the same process Dendritic Cells also play important part by collecting antigen and start presenting it on their membrane which then becomes triggering mechanism for T Cell activation which then activate B Cells to produce antibodies against infectious material. 2) Inactive Vaccines are the 2nd type where dead bacteria or virus are injected in the body but their morphology triggers Adaptive immune response and bacteria are killed 3) Subunit vaccines are composed of only antigenic part of and thousand of its copies are then injected in the body which triggers T Cells and B Cells adaptive immunity response. Usually Polio, measles, Mumps, Rubella, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B and Varicella or Chicken Pox Vaccines are done. This video also deals with antivaccination movement in Pakistan and India and how they have escalated matters.. A lot of Vaccination personals are attacked on regular basis. Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attenuated_vaccine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inactivated_vaccine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_subunit http://www.discoveryeducation.com/teachers/free-lesson-plans/common-vaccinations.cfm https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/vaccines-list.html https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/jul/11/cia-fake-vaccinations-osama-bin-ladens-dna https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-cia-fake-vaccination-campaign-endangers-us-all/ https://tonic.vice.com/en_us/article/wjx559/fake-vaccine-drive-osama-bin-laden-lowered-vaccination-rates-in-pakistan https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/02/150227-polio-pakistan-vaccination-taliban-osama-bin-laden/
Views: 3952 My Channel Video
10 Dark Secrets Brands Don't Want You To Know
 
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It's a brand's business making sure you get a warm, fuzzy feeling like when you crack open an ice cold Coke. So it should come as no surprise the lengths they go to protect their image. From computer giants IBM to the cuddly charity Kids Wish Network, there is a lot that brands are trying to keep from you. Music = Abdication by Igor Dvorkin / Duncan Pittock / Ellie Kidd Click to Subscribe.. http://bit.ly/WTVC4x Check out the best of Alltime10s - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLec1lxRhYOzt2qqqnFBIpUm63wr5yhLF6 Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: http://ow.ly/3FNFR Twitter: http://ow.ly/3FNMk
Views: 4868756 Alltime10s
Challenges of Antibiotic Resistance
 
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The Centers for Disease Control estimate that each year in the United States, more than 2 million people are infected with an antibiotic-resistant infection. Melanie Harvey, Associate Professor of Chemistry, and Heather Seitz, Associate Professor of Biology, team up to present the current reality and future challenges of antibiotic resistance. They'll discuss the history of antibiotics, the decline in the discovery of new antibiotics, causes of antibiotic resistance, steps the public can take to prevent antibiotic resistance, and the research being done to develop new antibiotics. For more information on this and other happenings at the college, visit http://www.jccc.edu.
Views: 205 JCCCvideo
The Drugs Revolution and the Development of Penicillin
 
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Visit our website: http://www.sliderbase.com/ Free PowerPoint Presentations for teaching and learning Penicillin 1928 – Alexander Fleming discovers mould which kills germs – penicillin. 1929 – Fleming publishes an article on penicillin Chain and Florey 1937 – Chain and Florey do research on penicillin. 1940 – Experiment on mice. 1941 – successful tests on humans Government 1939 - British government fund Florey’s research 1942 – U.S. government fund production of penicillin. 1944 – mass production War German bombing stopped Florey and Chain being able to mass produce penicillin in Britain. America was not interested in penicillin until she entered the war in 1941. 1945 American Army using 2 million doses of penicillin a month.
Views: 38 SliderBase
Arcimedia - Penicillin: The Magic Bullet
 
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www.arcimedia.com.au The untold story of the history and making of Penicillin. In 1940, as World War Two raged, Australian Howard Florey and team at Oxford University made the worlds first antibiotic. They used old bedpans, parts of a broken telephone and scrounged dairy equipment. Penicillin was a lifesaver, but its discovery was a trial of penury, character assassination and spotlight snatching. Using dramatic re-enactments and Florey's own archive film, this documentary tells the true story. An intriguing and captivating watch guaranteed to keep you hooked from start to end. Purchase the film at www.arcimedia.com.au
Views: 4503 arcimediacomau