THE EFFECTS OF DIABETES ON THE BODY
Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect the body’s ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that allows your body to turn glucose into energy. Diabetes can be effectively managed, but potential complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, Pancreas Malfunction, Ketoacidosis, Excessive Urination, Loss of Consciousness, Lack of Concentration, Damaged Blood Vessels, High Blood Pressure, and Stroke.
The Effects of Diabetes on the Body:
After you eat or drink, your body breaks down the sugars in your blood and turns it into glucose. The glucose travels through your bloodstream and provides your body with energy. To accomplish this, your pancreas needs to produce a hormone called insulin. In a person with diabetes (diabetes mellitus), the pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all, or the insulin can’t be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every part of your body.
There are two main types of diabetes.
(1) Type 1, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is an immune system disorder.
(2) Type 2, The main problem with this is the presence of what is called insulin resistance. In this sort of diabetes, the pancreas starts off robust in its production of insulin.
Common symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, and sluggishness. Blood tests will reveal high sugar levels.
*Endocrine, Excretory, and Digestive Systems:
Your pancreas produces and releases insulin to help make energy out of sugars. If your pancreas reduces little or no insulin, or if your body can’t use it, alternate hormones are used to turn fat into energy. This can create high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, which may lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a serious complication of the disease. Symptoms include extreme thirst, excessive urination, and fatigue. Your breath may have a sweet scent that is caused by the elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood. High blood sugar levels and excess ketones in your urine can confirm diabetic ketoacidosis. Untreated, the condition can lead to loss of consciousness or even death.
High blood glucose levels can contribute to the formation of fatty deposits in blood vessel walls. Over time, that can restrict blood flow and increase the risk of hardening of the blood vessels (atherosclerosis). Lack of blood flow can affect your hands and feet. Poor circulation can cause pain in the calves while you’re walking (intermittent claudication). People with diabetes are particularly prone to foot problems due to narrowed blood vessels in the leg and foot. Your feet may feel cold, and you may be unable to feel heat due to lack of sensation.
Diabetes can affect your skin. Lack of moisture can cause the skin on your feet to dry and crack. It is important to completely dry your feet after bathing or swimming.
*Central Nervous System:
Diabetes causes damage to the nerves (peripheral neuropathy), which can affect your perception of heat, cold, and pain, making you more susceptible to injury. This also makes it more likely that you’ll ignore an injury, especially if it’s in a difficult place to see, such as between your toes, on your heels, or the bottoms of your feet.Swollen, leaky blood vessels in the eye (diabetic retinopathy) can damage your vision and even lead to blindness. Symptoms include floaters or spots in your field of vision. People with diabetes tend to develop cataracts at an earlier age than other people. They are also more likely to develop glaucoma. Symptoms of eye trouble can be mild at first, so it’s important to see your eye doctor regularly.
The hormones of pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes. This also increases the risk of high blood pressure (preeclampsia or ecclampsia). In most cases, gestational diabetes is easily controlled, and glucose levels return to normal after the baby is born. Symptoms are the same as other types of diabetes, but may also include repeated infections affecting the vagina and bladder. Women with gestational diabetes may have babies with higher birth weight, making delivery more complicated. Women who have had gestational diabetes should be monitored, as there’s an increased risk of developing diabetes within ten years.
This are the common Effects of Diabetes.