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Diabetes Type II Pathophysiology
 
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Views: 46448 Armando Hasudungan
Pathophysiology - Type I diabetes | Endocrine system diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Matthew McPheeters. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/pathophysiology-type-ii-diabetes?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/types-of-diabetes?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 179279 khanacademymedicine
Diabetes mellitus (type 1, type 2) & diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
 
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Try free board-style questions and flashcards - https://goo.gl/3oGOEi. Subscribe - https://goo.gl/w5aaaV. More videos - https://goo.gl/UhOKiM. Support us on Patreon - https://goo.gl/ZGHEk4. Reddit - https://goo.gl/cXVpAA This video is brought to you by Osmosis. Along with providing open-access videos, Osmosis offers a comprehensive e-learning platform that connects med students with thousands of flashcards and quiz questions, depending on each student's needs. Ever wish information would just diffuse into your brain? Well, Osmosis helps make that possible—don't just study it, Osmose It! https://www.osmosis.org/ We also have free practice questions for the USMLE and NCLEX-RN exams here: https://goo.gl/3oGOEi Also, we're social: Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/OsmoseIt/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/osmoseit Instagram - @osmosismed Got feedback? We'd love to hear it! http://goo.gl/forms/T6de48NVzR Our supporters: Sumant Nanduri Omar Berrios Alex Wright Suzanne Peek Prayag Tapiavala Arfan Azam Mingli Féng
Views: 128456 Osmosis
Diabetes Complication and Pathophysiology of the complication
 
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http://armandoh.org/ https://www.facebook.com/ArmandoHasudungan Support me: http://www.patreon.com/armando Instagram: http://instagram.com/armandohasudungan Twitter: https://twitter.com/Armando71021105 SPECIAL THANKS: Patreon members
Views: 191800 Armando Hasudungan
Pathophysiology - Type II diabetes | Endocrine system diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Matthew McPheeters. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/diagnosing-diabetes?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/pathophysiology-type-i-diabetes?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 148682 khanacademymedicine
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus
 
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PLEASE help me improve these videos! Take this quick survey about how the videos help you learn: http://goo.gl/BjU8bk Description of pathophysiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and a discussion of complications.
Views: 329169 Andrew Wolf
Diabetes Pathophysiology
 
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Insulin is the principal hormone that regulates the uptake of glucose from the blood into most cells of the body, especially liver, muscle, and adipose tissue. Therefore, deficiency of insulin or the insensitivity of its receptors plays a central role in all forms of diabetes mellitus. The body obtains glucose from three main places: the intestinal absorption of food, the breakdown of glycogen, the storage form of glucose found in the liver, and gluconeogenesis, the generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate substrates in the body. Insulin plays a critical role in balancing glucose levels in the body. Insulin can inhibit the breakdown of glycogen or the process of gluconeogenesis, it can stimulate the transport of glucose into fat and muscle cells, and it can stimulate the storage of glucose in the form of glycogen. Insulin is released into the blood by beta cells (β-cells), found in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, in response to rising levels of blood glucose, typically after eating. Insulin is used by about two-thirds of the body's cells to absorb glucose from the blood for use as fuel, for conversion to other needed molecules, or for storage. Lower glucose levels result in decreased insulin release from the beta cells and in the breakdown of glycogen to glucose. This process is mainly controlled by the hormone glucagon, which acts in the opposite manner to insulin. If the amount of insulin available is insufficient, if cells respond poorly to the effects of insulin (insulin insensitivity or insulin resistance), or if the insulin itself is defective, then glucose will not be absorbed properly by the body cells that require it, and it will not be stored appropriately in the liver and muscles. The net effect is persistently high levels of blood glucose, poor protein synthesis, and other metabolic derangements, such as acidosis. When the glucose concentration in the blood remains high over time, the kidneys will reach a threshold of reabsorption, and glucose will be excreted in the urine (glycosuria).This increases the osmotic pressure of the urine and inhibits reabsorption of water by the kidney, resulting in increased urine production (polyuria) and increased fluid loss. Lost blood volume will be replaced osmotically from water held in body cells and other body compartments, causing dehydration and increased thirst (polydipsia). (source:- wikipedia)
Views: 21863 DoctorDC online
Pathogenesis of Type 2 DM
 
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In this video, I attempt at expaining the Pathogenesis of Type 2 DM in brief. ======================================================= Please subscribe if you find this useful, and suggest any changes you feel would help Improve my channel :) Subscribe to my channel at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCztHr0bXORJv9267vEOmwpw
Views: 1476 RatLab
Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2, Animation.
 
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This video and similar images/videos are available for instant download licensing here https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/endocrinology ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Diabetes refers to a group of conditions characterized by a high level of blood glucose, commonly referred to as blood sugar. Too much sugar in the blood can cause serious, sometimes life-threatening health problems. There are two types of chronic diabetic conditions: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Pregnant women may acquire a transient form of the disease called “gestational diabetes” which usually resolves after the birth of baby. Pre-diabetes is when the blood sugar level is at the borderline: higher than normal, but lower than in diabetics. Prediabetes may or may not progress to diabetes. During food digestion, carbohydrates - or carb - break down into glucose which is carried by the bloodstream to various organs of the body. Here, it is either consumed as an energy source - in muscles for example - or is stored for later use in the liver. Insulin is a hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas and is necessary for glucose intake by target cells. In other words, when insulin is deficient, muscle or liver cells are unable to use or store glucose, and as a result, glucose accumulates in the blood. In healthy people, beta cells of the pancreas produce insulin; insulin binds to its receptor on target cells and induces glucose intake. In type 1 diabetes, beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system by mistake. The reason why this happens is unclear, but genetic factors are believed to play a major role. Insulin production is reduced; less insulin binds to its receptor on target cells; less glucose is taken into the cells, more glucose stays in the blood. Type 1 is characterized by early onset, symptoms commonly start suddenly and before the age of 20. Type 1 diabetes is normally managed with insulin injection. Type 1 diabetics are therefore “insulin dependent”. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces enough insulin but something goes wrong either with receptor binding or insulin signaling inside the target cells. The cells are not responsive to insulin and therefore cannot import glucose; glucose stays in the blood. In other words, type 2 diabetics are “insulin resistant”. Here again, genetic factors predispose susceptibility to the disease, but it is believed that lifestyle plays a very important role in type 2. Typically, obesity, inactive lifestyle, and unhealthy diet are associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is characterized by adult onset; symptoms usually appear gradually and start after the age of 30. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 80 to 90% of all diabetics. Management focuses on weight loss and includes a low-carb diet.
Views: 417175 Alila Medical Media
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus NCLEX Quick Tips
 
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Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease caused by inherited and/or acquired deficiency in production of insulin by the pancreas, or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced. Such a deficiency results in increased concentrations of glucose in the blood, which in turn damage many of the body's systems, in particular the blood vessels and nerves. (WHO, 2017) Matus Nursing Review aims to help nurses pass the NCLEX , be the best and make a difference! Click like, share or subscribe to this channel. For questions about NCLEX, post your comments or email me at: info@matusnursingreview.com Join me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ajmatusnclexreview/ Visit our website: www.matusnursingreview.com
Diabetes Mellitus Pathophysiology & Nursing | Diabetes Nursing Lecture NCLEX | Type 1 & Type 2
 
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Diabetes mellitus pathophysiology and nursing nclex lecture review on diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2. Diabetes mellitus is where a patient has insufficient amounts of insulin to use the blood glucose in the body. Therefore, the patient will experience extreme hyperglycemica. In this lecture, I highlight the key players in diabetes mellitus, causes, different types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, and gestational), complications, and nursing assessment of the diabetic patient. Diabetes Mellitus Quiz: http://www.registerednursern.com/diabetes-mellitus-nclex-quiz/ Part 2 Video on Pharm & Nsg. Management: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bK82X1KrCgg Lecture Notes for this video: http://www.registerednursern.com/diabetes-mellitus-lecture-nclex-review-notes/ Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nursing-career-help/ Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/RegisteredNurseRN/videos Popular Playlists: "NCLEX Study Strategies": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 "Fluid & Electrolytes Made So Easy": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv "Nursing Skills Videos": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb "Nursing School Study Tips": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms "Nursing School Tips & Questions": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M "Teaching Tutorials": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF "Types of Nursing Specialties": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp "Healthcare Salary Information": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh "New Nurse Tips": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy "Nursing Career Help": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj "EKG Teaching Tutorials": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt "Personality Types": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU0qHnOjj2jf4Hw8aJaxbtm "Dosage & Calculations for Nurses": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq "Diabetes Health Managment": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
Views: 270182 RegisteredNurseRN
Pathology of Diabetes Mellitus - Made easy!
 
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Pathology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications.
Views: 2344 Mohit Shahi
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 for USMLE Step1 and USMLE Step 2
 
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Handwritten Video Lectures on the pathophysiology, pathology, symptoms and treatment of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 for USMLE Step 1 and Step 2. PHYSIOLOGY OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 1 Islet cells have beta cells in the central which secrete insulin and beta cells which secrete glucagon. The beta cells has the GLUT2 transporter which transports glucose inside the cell. It is then acted upon by glucokinase which increases the level of ATP. ATP then deactivates KATP channels. Afterwards Calcium inlux activates vesicles of insulin to fuse with the membrane and release the insulin. Insulin is synthesized in the Rough Endoplasmic reticulum as the preproinsulin. After removla of the pre and the post Peptides to form proinsulin. After the golgi aparatus the c peptide bends over and is removed after a bond is formed between the a and b peptide. The c-peptide is a measure of endogenous insulin production. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 1 Destruction of the Islet Cells of Langerhan leads to hypglycemia. The genetic component of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 involves HLA-DR3 and HLA-DR4. Autoimmune is also invovled in Diabetes Mellitus Type 1. Islet cell autoantibodies target insulin or Anti GAD65. Also Diabetes Mellitus is associated with other autoimmune disease. Viruses such as cocksackie virus also is known to cause Diabetes Mellitus. DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 1 HbA1c level greater then 6.5 percent 2 hour fasting glucose greater than 126 mgdL Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) greater than 200 Random Plasma Glucose greater than 200 and symptomatic Anyone 1 of the previous is a diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 1 Primary symptoms are polyuria polydypsia and weight loss occurs in approximately 90 percent of patients. Other symptoms include hyperphagia, perianal candidiasis. Diabetic Ketoacidosis also has polyuria, polydipsia, fruity death and neurological symptoms COMPLICATION OF DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetic patients who do no manage their glucose well may get diabetic neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, necrobiosis lipoidica and increase risk of atherosclerosis MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS Insulin therapy with a goal of keeping HbA1c below 7 percent. Fast Acting Insulin includes Aspart, Lispro and Glulysine Intermediate Acting Insulin such as regular insulin and NPH Long acting insulin includes Glargine which has no peak, Determir which binds to albumin may all be using in different combination to manage glucose levels in Diabetic patients.
Views: 8664 the study spot
Diabetes Mellitus 3 of 6 (Pathophysiology)
 
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Type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterized by loss of the insulin-producing beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, leading to insulin deficiency. This type can be further classified as immune-mediated or idiopathic. The majority of type 1 diabetes is of the immune-mediated nature, in which a T-cell-mediated autoimmune attack leads to the loss of beta cells and thus insulin. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin resistance, which may be combined with relatively reduced insulin secretion.[5] The defective responsiveness of body tissues to insulin is believed to involve the insulin receptor. However, the specific defects are not known. Diabetes mellitus cases due to a known defect are classified separately. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type. In the early stage of type 2, the predominant abnormality is reduced insulin sensitivity. At this stage, hyperglycemia can be reversed by a variety of measures and medications that improve insulin sensitivity or reduce glucose production by the liver. Type 2 diabetes is due primarily to lifestyle factors and genetics. A number of lifestyle factors are known to be important to the development of type 2 diabetes, including obesity (defined by a body mass index of greater than thirty), lack of physical activity, poor diet, stress, and urbanization.
Views: 3670 DoctorDC online
The Pathophysiology of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
 
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Cell Biology and A&P approach to the pathology of T1D.
Views: 1729 littlestjevito
Diabetes 4, Type one and type two pathophysiology
 
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Types of diabetes mellitus (DM) Two forms of diabetes mellitus are currently recognised, simply referred to as types 1 and 2. Type 1 Type 1 DM is associated with complete destruction of the beta cells and an absolute insulin deficiency. Type 1 diabetics are always insulin dependent; it is an IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). Type 2 In established cases of type 2 DM there is a reduced level of beta cell function. However, the disease process starts with the insulin receptors; these do not work properly or are reduced in numbers. This means that even though insulin is produced, the receptors are unable to make use of it. This situation is described as insulin resistance. These patients can often be managed without using insulin i.e. type 2 diabetes may be a NIDDM (non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). However type 2 diabetes may progress to become insulin dependent, and so may become an IDDM. Type 2 disease is the most common form of diabetes mellitus.
Views: 26045 Dr. John Campbell
type 2 diabetes pathophysiology made easy.wmv
 
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Patient primer on type 2 diabetes with emphasis on what is going on in the body
Views: 19529 SANeutz
Pathophysiology of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus(Part 1)
 
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Hey guys, this video covering the 1st Part of my lecture series on Diabetes. Part 2 coming soon!
Views: 1068 MedPath
Pathophysiology of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
 
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This video is about pathogenesis or pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus. Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus is explained with the help of graph in relation to fasting blood sugar and insulin resistance. pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus in reference to insulin resistance is explained. I will uploading videos one to two times per week, for regular updates SUBSCRIBE to this channel by clicking the red button below my videos or in the link below: https://goo.gl/eMs6rw If you find these videos helpful, spread the news and SHARE with your friends. Criteria for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus https://youtu.be/ArMTB1pOtZc Polyol pathway https://youtu.be/K18hI2oLkuI Diabetes mellitus diagnostic tests https://youtu.be/312JKChbPDE Glycemic index https://youtu.be/e6MmGwGF9Vg Pathophysiology of diabetes ketoacidosis https://youtu.be/q2uizGjzP2s For short write up of theory on USMLE Biochemistry and other topics on food and nutrition, obesity, weight loss tips you may visit my site: http://www.drmungli.com/ You can follow my Facebook page Biochemistry Made Easy: https://goo.gl/23S9Y7 checkout other awesome channels to learn biochemistry and other subjects from: ThePenguineProf: https://goo.gl/ySNURB Osmosis: https://goo.gl/d1zBs1 Armando: https://goo.gl/jcYwwR Khan Academy: https://goo.gl/7YmIf9 Nucleus Medical Media: https://goo.gl/xdlqsr Trending medical youtube channels: https://goo.gl/nUuJOL 20 useful sites for medical students: https://goo.gl/aPnc19 Biochemistry single line questions site: https://goo.gl/PFCewk Pictures and video graphics used in my videos came from https://pixabay.com which are CC0 creative commons, free for use commercially and no attribution needed. Some of the pictures are downloaded from http://pexels.com Free to use commercially with no attribution needed. Some of the pictures are downloaded from Wikimedia commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Appropriate attribution is given to these figures wherever applicable. Sounds used in my videos mostly came from copyright free sound from https://www.bensound.com/
Views: 255 Dr.Mungli
Diabetic nephropathy - Mechanisms | Endocrine system diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Matthew McPheeters. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/diabetic-nephropathy-clinical-presentation-treatment?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/acute-complications-of-diabetes-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-nonketotic-state?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 91950 khanacademymedicine
Diabetic Nephropathy- causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is Diabetic Nephropathy? Diabetic Nephropathy is the kidney damage that results from both type I and type II diabetes. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Study better with Osmosis Prime. Retain more of what you’re learning, gain a deeper understanding of key concepts, and feel more prepared for your courses and exams. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways and more when you follow us on social: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Thank you to our Patreon supporters: Sumant Nanduri Omar Berrios Alex Wright Sabrina Wong Suzanne Peek Arfan Azam Mingli Féng Osmosis's Vision: Empowering the world’s caregivers with the best learning experience possible.
Views: 168470 Osmosis
Pathophysiology of Type 1 Diabetes
 
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A description of the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Views: 7312 MRCPCH Revision
Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
 
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Learn more at: http://www.AnimatedDiabetesPatient.com This animation describes insulin resistance, an underlying cause of type 2 diabetes. It explains the roles of glucose and the hormone insulin in our body. Symptoms of diabetes are reviewed and various health complications that type 2 diabetes can lead to if left untreated.
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus
 
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Diabetes Weight Gain Symptom Type 2 Early Symptom Diabetes Check out Diabetes Reversal at The Big Diabetes Lie. Access Here: http://bit.ly/2hnVNo9BigDiabetesLie
Views: 246 Diabetes Reversal
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Diabetes Type I) Management Summary
 
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Where do I get my information from: http://armandoh.org/dig HIT THE LIKE BUTTON! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ArmandoHasudungan Support me: http://www.patreon.com/armando Instagram: http://instagram.com/armandohasudungan Twitter: https://twitter.com/Armando71021105 SPECIAL THANKS: Patreon members
Views: 67970 Armando Hasudungan
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 for USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2
 
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Handwritten video lecture looking at Pathophysioloy, Pathology, symptoms and treatment of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 for the USMLE Step 1 and the USMLE Step 2 PHYSIOLOGY Diabetes Type 2 has either a decrease in insulin secretion or increase in insulin resistance. Insulin is secreted from the Islets Cells of Langerhand specifically from the beta cells. Glucose enters the beta cell via the GLUT2 and is activated by glucokinase. This increases ATP which deactivates KATP pump. This leads to an influx of calcium and release of vesicles with insulin. OSU and repaglinide inhibit the same KATP channel. Insulin is synthesized in Rough Endoplasmic Reitculum. Preproinsulin has a c,b,a pre and post section. When pre and post is removed then it is known as pro insulin. Pro insulin moves on to Golgi Apparatus where the c peptide curve. a peptide and b peptide forms bond and the c peptide is removed PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus focuses on MODY1, MODY3, MODY5 associated with HNF. MODY2 is associated iwth glucokinase mutation and MODY4 is associated with INsulin promotor factor (IPF-1). Environmental influences includes obesity which causes releases of adipokinse such as leptin, adiponetin, TNF, resistin. SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 Diabetes is often times asymptomatic. Most common presentation is polyuria, polydypsia, and weight loss. Other patients with Diabetes Type 2 present with blurred vision, vulvovaginits because diabetes is an immunosuppressed state. Often times it may present Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic state associated with severe glucose level and hyperosmolality. Diabetes type 2 may also be associated with Diabetic Ketoacidosis. DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 The American Diabetes Association has four factor for diagnosing diabetes. HbA1c is greater than 6.5 percent is diagnosed as having diabetes. If the fast plama glucose is greater than 125 then the patient is diagnosed as having diabetes. OGTT includes giving 75g of glucose and then checking blood sugar. If patient has greater than 200mgdL than patient is diagnosed as having diabetes. If random plasma glucose is greater than 200 and the patient is symptomatic than that is enough to diagnose the patient was diabetic. SCREENING PATIENTS FOR DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 Screen patient for diabetes if patient is greater than 45 years old, sedentary lifestyle, primary family history, high LDL, Low HDL, signs of insulin resistance and certain ethnicities. Screen children for diabetes if they are greater than 10 years old and overweight, family history, gestational diabetes of mother and signs of hyperinsulinemia. MANGEMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 Primary focus of management is control of blood glucose. Initial therapy focuses on Diet, Exercise and Metformin. If after three months the HbA1c is greater than 7 than add another drug to control the diabetes. If after three months the HbA1c is still not below 7, than add another drug for triple therapy. The current diet for diabetics is medical nutrition therapy (MNT). This individualized diets has been seen to be the most effective for diabetic patients. Diabetic children should get at least 60 minutes a day, while adults should have 150 minutes a week. Diabetic patients should be screened for complications of diabetes. Nephropathy check for albuminuria and start treatment for ACE inhibitor if positive. Diabetic Retinopathy can be check with routine ophthalmologic exams. Neuropathy is also common in diabetic patients. Check for sensation of arms and legs. Foot Exam is also important and should be done in every visit. Cardovascular assessment is also important in diabetic patients because they are at risk. Check for blood pressure, dyslipidemia and consider aspirin
Views: 3600 the study spot
Diabetes Pathophysiology -  Processes Associated with Diabetes !
 
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Click Here - http://diabetescure9.com/ DIABETES WHAT IS DIABETES? Diabetes is described as a group of metabolic diseases which is caused by high amount of glucose in blood. It is either because insulin production is inadequate or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin. Both of them can also be a reason for causing diabetes. At present a large group of people is suffering from diabetes. Pancreas also plays an important role in diabetes. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 Type 2 Type 1 Diabetes is because the body does not produce insulin. Type 2 Diabetes is because the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1. Approximately 90% of all diabetic cases are of type 2 while 10% of type 1. Gestational Diabetes is mainly found in females and it affects them during pregnancy. It can be transferred to new born baby. The common diabetes symptoms are as follows: Frequent urination Intense thirst and hunger Unusual weight loss or weight gain Fatigue Cuts which do not heal Numbness in hands and feet DIAGNOSE OF DIABETES It can be diagnosed by blood test. Three possible tests which can describe whether a person is diabetic, pre-diabetic or normal are as follows: The A1C test The FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test The OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test) CURE OF DIABETES Patients with type 1 diabetes are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet along with exercises. While patients with Type 2 diabetes are treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required. Other than these few things which should be avoided are smoking, processed foods, meat and oily food. DIABETES, DIABETES CURE, TYPES OF DIABETES, TYPE 1 DIABETES, TYPE 2 DIABETES, CURE OF TYPE 1 DIABETES, CURE OF TYPE 2 DIABETES, SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES, GESTATIONAL DIABETES, CURE FOR DIABETES, DIABETES SYMPTOMS, TYPE 1 DIABETES CURE, TYPE 2 DIABETES CURE, DIABETES CURE, Diabetes Pathophysiology - Processes Associated with Diabetes ! pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus pathophysiology diabetes type 2 pathophysiology diabetes type 1 pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type 2 pathophysiology of diabetes pdf pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type 2 diagram pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus ppt pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus pdf
ANTIDIABETIC DRUGS; PART 1 OVERVIEW OF PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DIABETES by Professor Fink
 
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In this Video-Lecture, Professor Fink reviews the major actions of Insulin in the body and the Regulation of Insulin Release. Professor Fink then defines Diabetes based on the fasting blood glucose level and glycosylated Hemoblobin level, identifies other symptoms, and then describes the microvascular disease (angiopathy) that develops with chronic Diabetes. The etiology, characteristics & risk factors are presented for both Type 1 (juvenile onset) and Type 2 (maturity onset) Diabetes. Finally 6 different mechanisms are described that could be (& are) used to lower the plasma glucose. Check-out professor fink's web-site or additional resources in Biology, Anatomy, Physiology & Pharmacology: www.professorfink.com Down-loadable e-Books of the Lecture Outlines by Professor Fink can be purchased from the WLAC Bookstore at: https://wlac.redshelf.com/ “Hard Copy” Lecture Outlines can be purchased from the WLAC Bookstore at: http://onlinestore.wlac.edu/fink.asp
Views: 18759 professorfink
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) Pathophysiology, Animation
 
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (one of the hyperglycemic crises), DKA, pathophysiology, causes, clinical presentation (signs and symptoms) and treatment. This video and similar images/videos are available for instant download licensing here https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/endocrinology Voice by: Penelope Hammet ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia Diabetic ketoacidosis, DKA, is an ACUTE and potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. DKA is commonly associated with type 1 but type 2 diabetics are also susceptible. DKA is caused by a critically LOW INSULIN level and is usually triggered when diabetic patients undergo further STRESS, such as infections, inadequate insulin administration, or cardiovascular diseases. It may also occur as the FIRST presentation of diabetes in people who did NOT know they had diabetes and therefore did NOT have insulin treatment. Glucose is the MAJOR energy source of the body. It comes from digestion of carbohydrates and is carried by the bloodstream to various organs. Insulin is a hormone produced by beta-cells of the pancreas and is responsible for DRIVING glucose INTO cells. When insulin is DEFICIENT, glucose can NOT enter the cells; it stays in the blood, causing HIGH blood sugar levels while the cells are STARVED. In response to this metabolic starvation, the body INcreases the levels of counter-regulatory hormones. These hormones have 2 major effects that are responsible for clinical presentation of DKA: - First, they produce MORE glucose in an attempt to supply energy to the cells. This is done by breaking down glycogen into glucose, and synthesizing glucose from NON-carbohydrate substrates such as proteins and lipids. However, as the cells CANNOT use glucose, this response ONLY results in MORE sugar in the blood. As blood sugar level EXCEEDS the ability of the kidneys to reabsorb, it overflows into urine, taking water and electrolytes along with it in a process known as OSMOTIC DIURESIS. This results in large volumes of urine, dehydration and excessive thirst. - Second, they activate lipolysis and fatty acid metabolism for ALTERNATIVE fuel. In the liver, metabolism of fatty acids as an alternative energy source produces KETONE bodies. One of these is acetone, a volatile substance that gives DKA patient’s breath a characteristic SWEET smell. Ketone bodies, unlike fatty acids, can cross the blood-brain barrier and therefore can serve as fuel for the brain during glucose starvation. They are, however, ACIDIC, and when produced in LARGE amounts, overwhelm the buffering capacity of blood plasma, resulting in metabolic ACIDOSIS. As the body tries to reduce blood acidity by EXHALING MORE carbon dioxide, a deep and labored breathing, known as Kussmaul breathing may result. Another compensation mechanism for high acidity MOVES hydrogen ions INTO cells in exchange for potassium. This leads to INcreased potassium levels in the blood; but as potassium is constantly excreted in urine during osmotic diuresis, the overall potassium level in the body is eventually depleted. A blood test MAY indicate too much potassium, or hyperkalemia, but once INSULIN treatment starts, potassium moves BACK into cells and hypokalemia may result instead. For this reason, blood potassium level is monitored throughout treatment and potassium replacement is usually required together with intravenous fluid and insulin as primary treatment for DKA.
Views: 14805 Alila Medical Media
Understanding Type 2 Diabetes: Linking Pathophysiology to Therapeutic Targets
 
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This type 2 diabetes webcast is one in a three-part series by Dr. Adi Mehta. It reviews the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and T2DM, as well as the medications available for management. Visit http://www.ccfcme.org/MastersCMEvideos to claim CME credit or learn more about the Masters in Medicine series. Take the opportunity to also learn from Dr. Mehta in Understanding Type 2 Diabetes: Linking Pathophysiology to Therapeutic Targets and Can Exogenous Insulin Mimic Endogenous Insulin Action? Interested in related CME education? Visit http://bit.ly/17iiXhR Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CMEClevelandClinic Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/cleveclinic_cme The video was produced by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation Center for Continuing Education.
Views: 2670 ClevelandClinicCME
Acute complications of diabetes - Diabetic ketoacidosis | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Matthew McPheeters. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/acute-complications-of-diabetes-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-nonketotic-state?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-endocrine-system-diseases/rn-diabetes/v/treating-type-ii-diabetes-a-practical-approach?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 204482 khanacademymedicine
Diabetes Ketoacidosis (DKA) - Pathophysiology
 
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In this video I have the pathophysiology of diabetes ketoacidosis seen primarily in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Absolute deficiency of insulin leads to increase in glucagon and decreased peripheral utilization of glucose leading to increased blood glucose level. Increased glucagon along with catecholamines and cortisol leads to increased gluconeogenesis thereby outpouring of glucose from liver into blood which increases blood glucose level. Increased lipolysis leads to increased free fatty acids leading to increased generation of ketone bodies. Increased ketone bodies like acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate in the blood lead to decrease in blood pH leading to metabolic acidosis. You Can Subscribe to my Channel for REGULAR UPDATES by clicking on SUBSCRIBE button above! You can follow me on my BLOG by clicking the link below http://drmungli.blogspot.com/ You can follow my Facebook page Biochemistry Made Easy by Dr Prakash Mungli, MD by clicking the link below. Here I post USMLE step-1 style MCQs and you can participate in discussion. https://www.facebook.com/drmungli
Views: 6696 Dr.Mungli
Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus
 
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All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. Normally, the body breaks down sugars and carbohydrates you eat in a special sugar called glucose. Glucose fuel cells in your body. However, the cells need insulin, a hormone in the blood to make and use the glucose for energy. With diabetes, your body does not produce enough insulin, can not use the insulin it produces, or a combination of both.
Views: 271 immer bakka
Gestational Diabetes - Overview
 
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Where do I get my information from: http://armandoh.org/dig HIT THE LIKE BUTTON! More info on Gestational Diabetes http://armandoh.org/disease/gestational-diabetes/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ArmandoHasudungan Support me: http://www.patreon.com/armando Instagram: http://instagram.com/armandohasudungan Twitter: https://twitter.com/Armando71021105 SPECIAL THANKS: Patreon members
Views: 82497 Armando Hasudungan
Diabetes Mellitus Pharmacology Medications | NCLEX Nursing Lecture on Management Made Easy
 
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Diabetes mellitus NCLEX pharmacology medication review of the nursing care management for the diabetic patient. This will include the diabetic diet (carbs, fats, proteins), exercise regime (how to monitor glucose prior to exercise, types of exercises for the diabetic), and pharmacological management (oral medications for type 2 diabetes, insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes, and medications that cause hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia). In addition, I will cover the NCLEX highlights for oral medications, such as Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, Biguanides, Alpha-glucoside inhibitors, and Thiazolidinedione, Insulin mnemonics for short-acting, rapid-acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting insulin (which will include onset, peak, and duration times with a clever mnemonic). Don't forget to watch PART 1 of this series on the patho, causes, types, complications, and nursing assessment of diabetes. Quiz on DM Pharmacology & Nursing Management: http://www.registerednursern.com/diabetes-mellitus-pharmacology-nursing-management-nclex-quiz/ Part 1 of this NCLEX Diabetes Series: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ek6hnu1zaog Lecture Notes for this video: http://www.registerednursern.com/diabetes-mellitus-nclex-review-notes-medications-nursing-management/ Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nursing-career-help/ Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/RegisteredNurseRN/videos Popular Playlists: "NCLEX Study Strategies": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 "Fluid & Electrolytes Made So Easy": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv "Nursing Skills Videos": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb "Nursing School Study Tips": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms "Nursing School Tips & Questions": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M "Teaching Tutorials": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF "Types of Nursing Specialties": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp "Healthcare Salary Information": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh "New Nurse Tips": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy "Nursing Career Help": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj "EKG Teaching Tutorials": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt "Personality Types": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU0qHnOjj2jf4Hw8aJaxbtm "Dosage & Calculations for Nurses": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq "Diabetes Health Managment": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
Views: 172023 RegisteredNurseRN
Diabetes Mellitus - Type I vs Type II
 
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Moof's Medical Biochemistry Video Course: http://moof-university.thinkific.com/courses/medical-biochemistry-for-usmle-step-1-exam
Views: 22563 Moof University
Pathophysiology of gestational diabetes - One Health
 
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Diabetes Mellitus - Pathophysiology of gestational diabetes - One Health 👉👉👉 Get It Here: http://tinyurl.com/lydyceh 👈👈👈 Pathophysiology of gestational diabetes The precise mechanisms underlying gestational diabetes remain unknown. The hallmark of GDM is increased insulin resistance. Pregnancy hormones and other factors are thought to interfere with the action of insulin as it binds to the insulin receptor. The interference probably occurs at the level of the cell signaling pathway beyond the insulin receptor. Since insulin promotes the entry of glucose into most cells, insulin resistance prevents glucose from entering the cells properly. As a result, glucose remains in the bloodstream, where glucose levels rise. More insulin is needed to overcome this resistance; about 1.5 to 2.5 times more insulin is produced than in a normal pregnancy. Insulin resistance is a normal phenomenon emerging in the second trimester of pregnancy, which in cases of GDM progresses thereafter to levels seen in a non-pregnant person with type 2 diabetes. It is thought to secure glucose supply to the growing fetus. Women with GDM have an insulin resistance that they cannot compensate for with increased production in the β-cells of the pancreas. Placental hormones, and to a lesser extent increased fat deposits during pregnancy, seem to mediate insulin resistance during pregnancy. Cortisol and progesterone are the main culprits, but human placental lactogen, prolactin and estradiol contribute, too. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis reveals that, in combination with other placental hormones, leptin, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and resistin are involved in the decrease in insulin sensitivity occurring during pregnancy, with tumor necrosis factor alpha named as the strongest independent predictor of insulin sensitivity in pregnancy. An inverse correlation with the changes in insulin sensitivity from the time before conception through late gestation accounts for about half of the variance in the decrease in insulin sensitivity during gestation: in other words, low levels or alteration of TNF alpha factors corresponds with a greater chance of, or predisposition to, insulin resistance or sensitivity. GABBE,STEVEN G; sixth Edition page 890. It is unclear why some women are unable to balance insulin needs and develop GDM; however, a number of explanations have been given, similar to those in type 2 diabetes: autoimmunity, single gene mutations, obesity, along with other mechanisms. Though the clinical presentation of gestational diabetes is well characterized, the biochemical mechanism behind the disease is not well known. One proposed biochemical mechanism involves insulin-producing β-cell adaptation controlled by the HGF/c-MET signaling pathway. β-cell adaption refers to the change that pancreatic islet cells undergo during pregnancy in response to maternal hormones in order to compensate for the increased physiological needs of mother and baby. Follow my Social Media: - Facebook: https://facebook.com/onehealthone - Fanpage: https://www.facebook.com/onehealth1/ - Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/u/0/102976310967722454833 - Blogger: http://onehealth1.blogspot.com/ - Twitter: https://twitter.com/OneHealth6 - Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/onehealthone/ - Yotube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZ6lHdM7pdxg4z9RIuv4TLw Tag: one health diabetes  type 2 diabetes  diabetic diet  diabetes symptoms  symptoms of diabetes  type 1 diabetes  type 2 diabetes symptoms  diabetic coma  diabetic retinopathy  glucose test  prediabetes  glucometer  low blood sugar  pre diabetic diet  what is dm  diabetes symptoms in women  diabetic neuropathy  insulin  diabetes definition  blood sugar range  insulin pump  hyperglycemia  normal blood glucose levels  prediabetes symptoms  retinopathy  diabetes insipidus  gestational diabetes diet  normal glucose levels  diabetic foot  blood sugar chart  Thanks for watching!!! If Video Good, please Like, Share and Comment !!!
Views: 1992 RukDo
Diabetic Nephropathy
 
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Here is one of 6 Diabetes animations done for an Interactive Learning Module during the summer of 2008 which highlights the pathophysiology of Diabetic Nephropathy. Created in Cinema 4d and After Effects by 3FX Inc. 3D Life Science Animation and Visual Effects
Views: 257058 3FXanimation
Diabetes: Nerve damage (Neuropathy)
 
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Nerve damage feels like numbness or tingling at first, and then leaves you with a complete loss of feeling ...
Views: 99485 ClearlyHealth
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) Explained Clearly - Diabetes Complications
 
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Understand Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) with this clear explanation from Dr. Seheult of http://www.medcram.com. This is video 1 of 2 on diabetic ketoacidosis (pathophysiology and signs of diabetic ketoacidosis / DKA): 0:08 DKA stats 0:47 DKA - cellular anatomy 1:00 mitochondria 1:48 beta-oxidation 2:30 insulin function 3:08 pyruvate 3:19 diabetes mellitus type 1 3:26 diabetes mellitus type 2 4:48 ketone bodies (acetone, acetoacetate, b-hydroxybutyrate) 6:09 carboxylic acid 6:23 conjugate base (anion gap acidosis) 7:38 beta-oxidation 8:17 DKA review 8:57 diabetic ketoacidosis - hyperkalemia 9:37 diabetic ketoacidosis - dehydration 9:50 osmotic diuresis 10:10 dehydration 10:27 diabetic ketoacidosis - potassium effects 11:04 diabetic ketoacidosis - Cr elevation / renal failure 11:30 anion gap metabolic acidosis 12:09 measuring ketone bodies (serum ketones, b-hydroxybutyrate) Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD Clinical and Exam Preparation Instructor Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine. MedCram: Medical topics explained clearly including: Asthma, COPD, Acute Renal Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Oxygen Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve, Hypertension, Shock, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Medical Acid Base, VQ Mismatch, Hyponatremia, Liver Function Tests, Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs), Adrenal Gland, Pneumonia Treatment, any many others. New topics are often added weekly- please subscribe to help support MedCram and become notified when new videos have been uploaded. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=medcramvideos Recommended Audience: Health care professionals and medical students: including physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, respiratory therapists, EMT and paramedics, and many others. Review for USMLE, MCAT, PANCE, NCLEX, NAPLEX, NDBE, RN, RT, MD, DO, PA, NP school and board examinations. More from MedCram: Complete Video library: https://www.youtube.com/c/medcram Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MedCram Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/1/+Medcram Twitter: https://twitter.com/MedCramVideos Produced by Kyle Allred PA-C Please note: MedCram medical videos, medical lectures, medical illustrations, and medical animations are for medical educational and exam preparation purposes, and not intended to replace recommendations by your health care provider.
7/28/16 - Recent Advances in the Pathophysiology and Management of Type 2 Diabetes
 
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City-Wide Grand Rounds Dr. Ralph DeFronzo, Visiting Speaker The information included herein should never be used as a substitute for clinical judgment and does not represent an official position of the UB Internal Medicine Residency Program.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis DKA Nursing | DKA Pathophysiology Treatment Management NCLEX
 
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DKA diabetic ketoacidosis nursing management pathophysiology & treatment. DKA is a complication of diabetes mellitus and mainly affects type 1 diabetics. DKA management includes controlling hyperglycemia, ketosis, and acdidosis. Signs & Symptoms include polyuria, polydipsia, hyperglycemia greater than 300 mg/dL, Kussmaul breathing, acetone breath, and ketones in the urine. Typically DKA treatment includes: intravenous fluids, insulin therapy (IV regular insulin), and electrolyte replacement. This video details what the nurse needs to know for the NCLEX exam about diabetic ketoacidosis. I also touch on DKA vs HHS (diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (please see the other video for more details). Quiz on DKA: http://www.registerednursern.com/diabetic-ketoacidosis-quiz/ Lecture Notes for this video: http://www.registerednursern.com/diabetic-ketoacidosis-nclex-review/ Diabetes NCLEX Review Videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWfFihyG2ecJts_BYwX9qlp Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nursing-career-help/ Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/RegisteredNurseRN/videos Popular Playlists: "NCLEX Study Strategies": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 "Fluid & Electrolytes Made So Easy": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv "Nursing Skills Videos": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb "Nursing School Study Tips": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms "Nursing School Tips & Questions": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M "Teaching Tutorials": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF "Types of Nursing Specialties": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp "Healthcare Salary Information": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh "New Nurse Tips": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy "Nursing Career Help": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj "EKG Teaching Tutorials": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt "Personality Types": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU0qHnOjj2jf4Hw8aJaxbtm "Dosage & Calculations for Nurses": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq "Diabetes Health Managment": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
Views: 165899 RegisteredNurseRN
The role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes
 
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Produced by the International Chair on Cardiometabolic Risk. By Allison B. Goldfine, MD, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA http://www.myhealthywaist.org
Views: 928 myhealthywaist
Diabetes in pregnancy | Reproductive system physiology | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Nauroz Syed. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-reproductive-system-physiology/rn-pregnancy/v/preterm-labor?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-reproductive-system-physiology/rn-pregnancy/v/uterine-inversion?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
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What is Type 1 Diabetes?
 
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What is Type 1 Diabetes? http://www.clearlyhealth.com
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Diabetic Nephropathy for USMLE Step1 and USMLE Step 2
 
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Handwritten Video Lecture on the Pathophysiology, Symptoms and Management of Diabetic Nephropathy for the USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2 PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY Damage begins with dilation of the afferent dilation in the glomerulus. This is due to Advanced Glycosylated Enzymes (AGE). These AGE forms crosslinks in the collagen which increaes permeability of the glomerulus. This is one of the main factors leading to diabetic nephropathy. Protien Kinase C is increased due to increase in Diacyl Glycerol which increase vascular permeability. Efferent Constriction also occurs in Diabetic Nephropathy due to direct activation of Renin by glucose by an unknown mechanism. This eventually leads to intraglomerular hyperfiltration and eventual hyperfiltration or high GFR. This will eventually leads to glomerulosclerosis (Hyaline). Hyaline deposits in afferent and efferent which leads to diabetic nephropathy. Mesangium is also affected in diabetic nephropathy. Cytokines are released due to elevated glucose leading to formation of nodule in mesangium known as kimmelstiehl wilson nodule. SYMPTOM OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY Diabetes mellitus type 1 is more severe than Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. Moderate albuminuria is defined as albuminura between 30 to 300mg of albumin in urine. This is a mild form of diabetic nephropathy. Moderate albuminuria is when there is more than 300mg of albumin in urine. These patient will lead to End Stage Renal Disease in Diabetic Nephropathy. RISK FACTORS OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY Family history of diabetic nephropathy. Poor glycemic control, hypertension, smoking, certain races, Diabetic Retinopathy usually occurs before diabetic nephropathy. TREATMENT OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY First line treatment is good glycemic control. ACE inhibitors should be given at first sign of albuminuria or if there is concurrent hypertension. Protein restriction also can help manage Diabetic Nephropathy. Finally BP Control, and weight loss is also helpful in controlling progression of Diabetic Nephropathy
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