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Penicillin: Discovery, Benefits and Resistance
 
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Penicillin is a drug used to fight bacterial infection. Its accidental discovery ushered in a new age of medicine. It was hailed as a "miracle drug" that would eradicate infectious diseases. Today, there are many types of natural and synthetic types of penicillin, which are used to treat a wide range of ailments. However, over the years, some bacteria have become resistant to penicillin, making some infections difficult to treat. It isn't really known who first realized that mold contained medicinal qualities, but it is acknowledged that ancient Egyptians would poultice wounds with moldy bread, according to the American Chemical Society (ACS). Alexander Fleming, a professor of bacteriology in London, is credited with discovering penicillin in 1928. Returning from vacation, he started cleaning up his messy lab and noticed that some petri dishes containing Staphylococcus bacteria had been contaminated with a mold, Penicillium notatum, which was inhibiting the growth of the bacteria, according to Dr. Howard Markel in a column for PBS NewHour. Fleming researched the juice produced by the mold and determined that it killed many types of bacteria. His team then went on to isolate pure penicillin from the mold juice. "When I woke up just after dawn on September 28, 1928, I certainly didn't plan to revolutionize all medicine by discovering the world's first antibiotic, or bacteria killer. But I guess that was exactly what I did," Fleming later wrote about his discovery. Fleming didn't have the resources to fully develop his discovery. Other bacteriologists tried to purify penicillin but failed. Finally, in 1939, Howard Florey, a pathology professor at Oxford University, read Fleming's paper in the British Journal of Experimental Pathology, and he and his colleagues worked to purify and create useable penicillin. After churning out around 132 gallons (500 liters) of mold filtrate per week and testing on animals, they were finally able to try the new drug on a human. On February 12, 1941, Albert Alexander got the first dose of penicillin, according to the ACS. The treatment started to heal him of a life-threatening infection in just a few days. Unfortunately, the Oxford team ran out of the drug before Alexander was completely healed, and he died. The first successful treatment happened a year later in 1942. It was given to Anne Miller, a patient at New Haven Hospital in Connecticut who had suffered a miscarriage and developed an infection that led to blood poisoning. During World War II, penicillin was mass-produced and used to fight infections among soldiers. Throughout history, infections had killed more soldiers than battle injuries, Markel wrote. "In World War I, the death rate from bacterial pneumonia was 18 percent; in WWII, it fell to less than 1 percent." In 1945, Fleming, Florey and Florey's teammate, Ernst Chain, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of penicillin. Penicillin is given to patients with an infection caused by bacteria. As an antibiotic, it inhibits the growth of bacteria or kills it. It does this by preventing bacterial enzymes from creating cell wall growth. It also activates other enzymes so that they will break down the cell walls of microorganisms, as well, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. Sometimes penicillin is also prescribed to help medical problems not related to bacterial infections, such as leptospirosis, chlamydia in pregnant women, helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, gas gangrene, Lyme disease and typhoid fever, according to the Mayo Clinic. Different kinds of penicillin are used for various infections. Some types of penicillin are amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin G and penicillin V. Though penicillin has saved many lives, it isn't always helpful for everyone. For example, some people have penicillin allergies that can cause hives, rashes, itching, anaphylaxis and other symptoms. Beyond allergies, penicillin is becoming less useful over time. At least 2 million people in the United States become infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics each year, and at least 23,000 people die as a result, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Simply using antibiotics creates resistance, according to the CDC. While antibiotics kill bacteria causing illness, they also kill "good" bacteria that protect the body from infection. The drug-resistant bacteria grow and take over, and some bacteria give their drug resistance to other bacteria. Resistant germs spread to other patients from unclean hands or surfaces.
Views: 1207 News 7/24
Resistance Movement: Drugs, bugs and the fight against über-germs - Longwood Seminar
 
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Streamed live on Mar 28, 2017 With many bacteria becoming impervious to drugs, new approaches are needed to combat the rise of antibiotic resistance. In this seminar, Harvard scientists and clinicians will discuss the history of drug resistance, how bacteria become able to shrug off the medications we use to treat disease, and ways to address the crisis. Like Harvard Medical School on Facebook: https://goo.gl/4dwXyZ Follow on Twitter: https://goo.gl/GbrmQM Follow on Instagram: https://goo.gl/s1w4up Follow on LinkedIn: https://goo.gl/04vRgY Website: https://hms.harvard.edu/
Antibiotic Resistant Strains Outbreaks
 
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Lance Price discusses the science and politics behind the use of antibiotics in hospitals and in farming. Speaker Biography: Lance B. Price is a professor of environmental and occupational health at George Washington University's Milken Institute School of Public Health. He is also the director of the Center for Microbiomics and Human Health at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), a non-profit based in Arizona. Price received his Ph.D. in environmental health sciences from Johns Hopkins University. For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=7720
Views: 403 LibraryOfCongress
Smart Inventions of the 1920s That Changed the World for Good
 
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There were numerous inventions in 1920s that were beneficial for society. Antibiotics like penicillin were made in this decade. Americans remember the 1920s as a period which heralded the era of modern lifestyle and consumerism. The World War I had come to an end, and due to the boom in the consumer goods industry, new products were available. The period was also a time of inventions and discoveries, and many new gadgets and appliances came into being in the 1920s decade. If you want to know more about such path-breaking inventions of the 1920s, visit http://www.buzzle.com/articles/inventions-of-the-1920s.html
Views: 2211 Buzzle
Medieval Medicine for Modern Infections
 
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Erin Connelly discussed her research involving the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, combined with a severely stalled discovery pipeline for new antibiotics. Speaker Biography: Erin Connelly is the CLIR-Mellon Fellow for Data Curation in medieval studies in the Schoenberg Institute for Manuscript Studies in the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts (Penn Libraries). For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=7838
Views: 1031 LibraryOfCongress
The Drugs Revolution and the Development of Penicillin
 
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Visit our website: http://www.sliderbase.com/ Free PowerPoint Presentations for teaching and learning Penicillin 1928 – Alexander Fleming discovers mould which kills germs – penicillin. 1929 – Fleming publishes an article on penicillin Chain and Florey 1937 – Chain and Florey do research on penicillin. 1940 – Experiment on mice. 1941 – successful tests on humans Government 1939 - British government fund Florey’s research 1942 – U.S. government fund production of penicillin. 1944 – mass production War German bombing stopped Florey and Chain being able to mass produce penicillin in Britain. America was not interested in penicillin until she entered the war in 1941. 1945 American Army using 2 million doses of penicillin a month.
Views: 39 SliderBase
MCT Oil: What Happens Inside Your Body When You Consume MCT’s
 
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Get My Discounted MCT Oil Here: https://www.perfectketo.com/thomas/c8 Please Subscribe for 3-4x Videos Per Week + Live Broadcasts! http://ThomasDeLauer.com MCT Oil: What Happens Inside Your Body When You Consume MCT’s What are MCT’s Long Chain Fatty acids (LCTs) ranging from 12 to 18 carbons long are the predominant form of fat in the American diet - MCTs, however, are composed of only 6 to 10 carbon links Triglycerides are named after their chemical structure, more specifically the length of their fatty acid chains - all triglycerides are made up of a glycerol molecule and 3 fatty acids Because of their shorter chain length, MCTs have a number of unique properties which give them advantages over the more common LCTs MCTs provide about 10% fewer calories than LCTs – 8.3 calories per gram for MCTs versus 9 calories per gram for LCTs Reduced chain length also means that MCTs are more rapidly absorbed by the body and more quickly metabolized and as fuel The result of this accelerated metabolic conversion is that instead of being stored as fat, the calories contained in MCTs are very efficiently converted into fuel for immediate use by organs and muscles MCTs cross the double mitochondrial membrane quickly and do not require the presence of carnitine, unlike LCTs The result is an excess of acetyl-coA, which then follows various metabolic pathways, both in the mitochondria (Krebs Cycle) and in the cytosol, resulting in the production of ketones These are the main medium-chain fatty acids: C6: Caproic acid or hexanoic acid. C8: Caprylic acid or octanoic acid. C10: Capric acid or decanoic acid. C12: Lauric acid or dodecanoic acid Benefits Digestion and Energy MCTs are easily digested and do not require the production and utilization of bile Results in the production of excess acetyl-coA which breaks down into ketones - rapid formation of ketone bodies gives immediate energy to the brain and body MCTs act similar to carbs in that they provide an immediate energy source - however, MCTs don’t raise blood sugar or increase insulin levels as carbs do Weight Loss Compared to other types of oils and fats, MCTs seem to have positive effects on fat burning and weight reduction as it helps increase satiety and even raise the metabolic rate at which the body functions MCTs suppress fat deposition through enhanced thermogenesis and fat oxidation, helping the body produce ketones Antibacterial MCTs are powerful, natural antibiotics that help balance bacteria in the gut MCT’s are known to kill: Streptococcus (which causes strep throat, pneumonia and sinus infections), straphylococcus (which causes food poisoning and urinary tract infections), neisseria (which causes meningitis, gonorrhea and pelvic inflammatory diseases) References 1) NutritonReview.org. (2016, June 20). Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) | Nutrition Review. Retrieved from https://nutritionreview.org/2013/04/medium-chain-triglycerides-mcts/ 2) MCT Oil 101 - A Review of Medium-Chain Triglycerides. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/mct-oil-101 3) 5 Reasons to Use MCT Oil for Ketosis. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://drjockers.com/5-reasons-to-use-mct-oil-for-ketosis/ 4) https://med.virginia.edu/ginutrition/wp-content/uploads/sites/199/2014/06/Parrish-February-17.pdf 5)https://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/04/apr04/042304/03n-0076-c00023-vol7.pdf
Views: 449149 Thomas DeLauer
Challenges of Antibiotic Resistance
 
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The Centers for Disease Control estimate that each year in the United States, more than 2 million people are infected with an antibiotic-resistant infection. Melanie Harvey, Associate Professor of Chemistry, and Heather Seitz, Associate Professor of Biology, team up to present the current reality and future challenges of antibiotic resistance. They'll discuss the history of antibiotics, the decline in the discovery of new antibiotics, causes of antibiotic resistance, steps the public can take to prevent antibiotic resistance, and the research being done to develop new antibiotics. For more information on this and other happenings at the college, visit http://www.jccc.edu.
Views: 211 JCCCvideo
Penicillin: The Modern Era's Most Important Discovery
 
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RosaLea Hearthstone This video is about the repercussive effects of penicillin on the modern world. It gives background needed to see what penicillin improved upon, and discusses how much antibiotics, the discovery of which was prompted by penicillin, had overarching affects. Sources: Enriquez, Juan, and Steve Gullans. Evolving Ourselves: How Unnatural Selection and Nonrandom Mutation Are Changing Life on Earth. Place of Publication Not Identified: Penguin, 2016. Print. [1] McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2012. Print. [2] Lerner, K. Lee., and Brenda Wilmoth. Lerner. Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2008. Print. [3] "Homepage." History Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2017. [4] Lerner, K. Lee., and Brenda Wilmoth. Lerner. World of Anatomy and Physiology. Detroit: Gale Group, 2002. Print. [5] "Breaking News, World News & Multimedia." The New York Times. The New York Times, n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2017. [6] Narins, Brigham. World of Health. Detroit, MI: Gale Group, 2006. Print. [7a] Lerner, K. Lee, and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. World of Microbiology and Immunology. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson/Gale, 2006. Print. [7b] Lerner, K. Lee, and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. World of Microbiology and Immunology. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson/Gale, 2007. Print. [8]
10 Dark Secrets Brands Don't Want You To Know
 
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It's a brand's business making sure you get a warm, fuzzy feeling like when you crack open an ice cold Coke. So it should come as no surprise the lengths they go to protect their image. From computer giants IBM to the cuddly charity Kids Wish Network, there is a lot that brands are trying to keep from you. Music = Abdication by Igor Dvorkin / Duncan Pittock / Ellie Kidd Click to Subscribe.. http://bit.ly/WTVC4x Check out the best of Alltime10s - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLec1lxRhYOzt2qqqnFBIpUm63wr5yhLF6 Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: http://ow.ly/3FNFR Twitter: http://ow.ly/3FNMk
Views: 5155655 Alltime10s
Organic Food Science: What Does Organic Mean and is Organic Food Healthier?
 
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To support our channel and level up your health, check out: Our Fast Weight Loss Course: http://thehealthnerds.com/the-science-of-fast-weight-loss-course Our Better Health Basics Course: http://thehealthnerds.com/food-health-happiness Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thehealthnerds/ PRODUCE GUIDE: https://snaped.fns.usda.gov/seasonal-produce-guide On this video, we will be covering organic food, what does organic mean, and answering the question of is organic food healthier. And at the end we’re going to discuss what foods are the most important to eat organic. Let’s get started by answering the question of what does organic mean? Organic food is food produced with the standards of organic farming. Standards vary worldwide, but they general mean food produced without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. http://www.organic.org/home/faq Animals products only qualify as organic if they do not take antibiotics or hormones during their development. Now I should clarify, pesticides can be used by organic farmers on crops, just as long as they are derived from natural sources and are not synthetically created. https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/howto/guide/organic Because mass producing crops without ANY pesticides would be a nightmare with wasted food in epic proportions. As my home boys over at ASAP Science so aptly put, just because a bag of chips has the “organic” label on them, does not make them healthy. Cookies, chips, and ice cream are not suddenly good for you because they are organic. But when people ask is organic food healthier, they are usually asking for a comparison of foods like veggies, fruits, and certain animal products. The scientific data we have is actually VERY so split on this issue: The reason: Money money money. MONEY. Monsanto, the famous poster child for evil pesticide producers, makes over 4.5 BILLION dollars in sales yearly and spends an average of 5 million dollars a year in public lobbying. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monsanto When most people say that organic is not healthier for you, they usually cite a Stanford Review done in 2012 that came to conclusion that organic foods are not more nutritious than conventional foods. http://annals.org/aim/article/1355685/organic-foods-safer-healthier-than-conventional-alternatives-systematic-review Although, the study did concede that organic does limit the exposure or pesticides and antibiotic resistant bacteria. A new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition is the latest addition to the debate. It’s the largest meta-analysis that has been published on this topic, covering 343 individual studies looking into organic food. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26878105 One of the major conclusions found organic foods could boost a person’s antioxidant intake by up to 40%. One thing in favor of eating organic that these studies can not refute is reducing the amount of pesticides being ingested… On average, pesticides like cadmium had levels 400% lower, respectively, in organic produce than in conventional varieties. Since cadmium is a highly toxic metal that has been linked to an increased risk of everything from Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease, and hormone disruption, it’s probably a good idea to minimize cadmium in your diet. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24557150 Other study’s have also linked pesticide exposure in children to ADHD and other development problems like low IQ. http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1989564,00.html https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/pesticide-exposure-in-womb-affects-i-q/?_r=0 So, are organic foods healthier for you? Yes! In some studies, they have slightly more nutrients and do minimize our exposure to synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, and hormones added to what we eat. So should everyone eat organic? Not really. Cost is an issue for many people. #1. It seems animal products are more important to be organic than veggies. #2. Frozen organic foods are always a little cheaper #3. Use the clean 15 and dirty dozen list for fruits and veggies The Clean 15 are non-organic foods that have minimal pesticide exposure • Avocados • Sweet Corn • Pineapples • Cabbage • Frozen Sweet Peas • Onions • Asparagus • Mangos • Papayas • Kiwi • Eggplant • Honey Dew • Grapefruit • Cantelope • Cauliflower The dirty dozen on the other hand are the foods that have a lot of pesticide load if consumed non-organic. These foods are: • Strawberries • Apples • Nectarines • Peaches • Celery • Grapes • Cherries • Spinach • Tomatoes • Sweet bell peppers • Cherry tomatoes • Cucumbers Cheers!
Views: 63937 The Health Nerd
Top 10 RESOURCES You Had No Idea We’re RUNNING OUT Of
 
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Like it or not, resources are finite. If we don’t use them carefully, we’ll run out. But while we’ve all heard the scary stories about peak oil, we’re guessing you had no idea that we’re running the risk of hitting peak banana. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to admin@toptenz.net Other TopTenz Videos: What Would Happen WITHOUT FROGS in the World https://youtu.be/RyHWy0LURJU?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Top 10 Things That Would Happen if Every Couple Had Just ONE CHILD https://youtu.be/yMe4uqyiOdk?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-resources-you-had-no-idea-were-running-out-of.php Coming up: 10. Bananas 9. New Music 8. Wine 7. Helium 6. Honey Bees 5. Medical Isotopes 4. Caviar 3. Sardines 2. Antibiotics 1. Sand Source/Further reading: http://qz.com/164029/tropical-race-4-global-banana-industry-is-killing-the-worlds-favorite-fruit/ http://www.promusa.org/Tropical+race+4+-+TR4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAcjV60RnRw#t=130 http://www.egopont.com/hearing_tests.php http://www.thedrinksbusiness.com/2014/10/global-wine-production-set-to-drop-in-2014/ http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2012/12/12/why-the-world-will-run-out-of-helium/ http://topics.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/04/11/honey-bees-a-history/?_r=1 http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/the-made-in-canada-isotope-shortage-facing-medical-scans-1.2652667 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/caviar-shortage-no-fish-tale/ http://enenews.com/theyre-all-gone-shock-as-sardines-vanish-off-california-fishermen-didnt-find-a-single-one-all-summer-scientist-this-is-about-the-entire-pacific-coast-noaa-the-young http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/03/were-running-out-of-antibiotics/357573/ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/05/opinion/why-sand-is-disappearing.html https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Map-Latin_America.svg/2000px-Map-Latin_America.svg.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish1.jpeg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DheDd8J1IUE&t=234s http://maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/static/photo/1x/Fruit-Banana-Eat-Child-Children-Cute-Funny-2138531.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Korg_RK-100s_Keytar_-_Head_-_2014_NAMM_Show.jpg/1024px-Korg_RK-100s_Keytar_-_Head_-_2014_NAMM_Show.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/CSIRO_ScienceImage_4626_Irrigation_channels_in_a_vineyard_at_Griffith_NSW_1989.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Xianning-fields-9731.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2d/Helium.svg/2000px-Helium.svg.png http://geology.com/articles/helium/uses-of-helium.gif https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/Crude_Helium_Enrichment_Unit.jpg http://www.alomarcenter.com/img/portfolio/P6.jpg http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish5.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3c/AncientEgyptianRelief-BeeHieroglyph-ROM.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Possible_causes_of_Colony_Collapse_Disorder.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Bee.jpg https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2289/2327501747_5d44940229_b.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Tc99minjektion.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/Electron_shell_043_technetium.png/936px-Electron_shell_043_technetium.png http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish6.jpg http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/resourcevanish7.jpg
Views: 106714 TopTenz
Penicillin Was Pioneered in Peoria at USDA-ARS Research Lab
 
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The era of antibiotics in medicine was essentially launched at a USDA-ARS research lab in Peoria, Illinois. USDA’s Patrick O’Leary has the story.
Views: 687 USDA
A Public Health Crisis? Antibiotic resistance could kill millions? SWINE explores the truth.
 
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SWINE exposes the horrors of factory farming and poses the question, "how long can we continue to treat animals in this way before it comes back to bite us?" The film looks at the dangers of antibiotic resistance and raises the alarm suggesting we MUST call an end to this form of farming immediately. So few people understand the implications and dangers of antibiotics resistance (amr) The film was produced for VIVA! public health chemistry Further Reading ----- ✖ How to change your diet and cut out out - http://www.viva.org.uk/change-your-diet ✖ Do animal products hurt our planet?: http://www.cowspiracy.com/facts/ FILMS THAT CONTINUE THE STORY ✖ Watch Cowspiracy: http://www.cowspiracy.com ✖ Watch Forks Over Knives: http://www.forksoverknives.com/the-film/ PRODUCE YOUR OWN FILMS ✖ Get Free music for your vegan films: http://www.mobygratis.com/ FILM CREDITS Created, Produced and Written by Robbie Lockie & Damien Clarkson Dramatisation Sequence directed by Remy Archer Documentary edited by Lewis Noll & Robbie Lockie Executive producers Timothy Graham Shieff Juliet Gellatley Melanie Light Production Assistant Tom Gaskin Graphic Designer & Art Director Robbie Lockie Drone Footage Jonathan Keeley Motion Graphics Byrone Lehmann Sound Design Robbie Lockie PR & Press Damien Clarkson Behind the Scenes Photography Jasper Wilkins Press Launch and Events Judy Nadel Translation volunteers Spanish: Vegano Cordobes & Adriana Polo Polish: Ula Bajcer With special thanks to brilliant people who have supported us Gregg Lowe,, Lewis Noll, Judy Nadel, James Light, Dan Howe (PETA), Jonathan Keeley (For his awesome drone footage) Kerry ‘McCarpet’ McCarthy, César ‘vegan speak’ Ferradas, Maria ‘vegan life’ Chiorando, Paul ‘Hench Herbivore’ Kerton, Michael Goodchild (The Vegan Activist), Ed ‘The Earthling’ Watkins, Luna Woods, Jamie “not your your milk” Paton, Anneka Svenska, Klaus ‘In the Greenhouse” Mitchell, Nicholas Jones, Emma ‘barefoot vegan’ Letessier, Luke & Andrew from Ecostorm & The Guardian Investigations team. Video Credits VIVA! Investigations ✖ ADDITIONAL VIDEO CREDITS ✖ LUCENT - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KArL5... Award Winning Documentary on Factory Farming Jonathan Keeley (For his awesome drone footage) PETA - Investigative Footage on UK Farms --------- ✖ Vegans at the end of the film ✖ Esther the Wonder Pig - https://www.youtube.com/user/estherth... Daily Denny - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCaoI... Vegan Hustle - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC3R8... Happy Healthy 96 - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwLw... Tofu Fit Guy & Family - https://twitter.com/Tofu_fit_guy Vegan Geezer - https://www.youtube.com/user/VeganGeezer Mommy Tang - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUrD... The Chic is Natural - https://www.youtube.com/user/backsyncfan James Aspey - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCcKF... Happy Healthy Vegan - https://www.youtube.com/user/HappyHea... Jon Venus - https://www.youtube.com/user/TheQuest... Vegan Physique - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Ft... Rich Roll - https://www.youtube.com/user/richroll66 ✖ Music featured in this video: ✖ µ-Ziq – Grape Nut Beats Pt.1 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQsWi... Moby [Licensed and Approved] - https://soundcloud.com/moby ✖ DISCLAIMER: FAIR USE NOTICE this video may contain copyrighted material. Such material is made available for educational purposes only. This constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in Title 17 U.S.C. section 106A-117 of the US Copyright Law. ✖
Where Do The Steroids Come From?
 
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Others do so to satisfy a desire for recognition and fame may 26, 2008 thus, many foreign distributors not violate the laws of their own in united states, significant quantities anabolic steroids come from. Peers, and to experience the satisfaction that comes from playing their potential. Do you know anabolic steroids camh do steroids. What do anabolic steroids look like? Anabolic come in different shapes, forms, sizes, and colors. Anabolic steroids and sports winning at any cost. Where do steroids come from quora. Googleusercontent search. Most steroids used by athletes are smuggled, stolen or made in clandestine laboratories. This section is to give the anabolic steroids. Where do steroids come from? did anabolic history of steroid. Html url? Q webcache. They also may cause puberty to start and can help some boys who have a genetic disorder grow more steroid pictures. Anabolic steroids manufactured by pharmaceutical companies are available legally only prescription. Steroid abuse anabolic steroids dea diversion control division. Steroid abuse steroid in today's societyhow anabolic steroids make you stronger and how they destroy fast facts us department of justice. Steroid effects abuse of anabolic steroids webmd. Camh do you know anabolic steroids. Although trafficking these drugs is illegal, the penalities imposed tend to be minor jan 29, 2012 anabolic steroids are used in bodybuilding and sports increase muscle mass enhance performance. Where do steroids come from frequently asked questions taylor hooton foundationnational institute on drug abuse (nida). What are steroids? do steroids look like? . Veterinary drugs are often used. Where do steroids come from pinnacle financial services. Ca about_addiction and anabolic_steroids_dyk. Bulking up with these drugs will actually weaken you in the long run cover image linked to printable steroids fast facts brochurequestions and answers. Steroids make muscles bigger and bones stronger. Students and, on average, those that participated in sports used steroids more often than did not where do anabolic come from? And how young people get them? Are illegal? What are the legal ramifications if i caught with were developed late 1930s primarily to treat hypogonadism, a condition which testes produce sufficient testosterone for assume you mean aas (anabolic androgenic steroids) muscle building kind rather cortico (the anti inflammation kind) The body produces naturally, but natural cannot be as medicine granted, further understanding of we view them today, berthold's experiments shed light comparable what was growth decade and my strongly shoulders giving mean, they extract it from, or create like? Article company called syntex organized make from mexican yams, squeeze ronnie coleman collect comes out why abuse steroids? Anabolic by bodybuilders, athletes, fitness 'buffs' who claim give competitive addition, may result harmful side effects well serious would similarly experienced female oct 29, 2013 'anab
Views: 32 Bet 2 Bet
Why are Vaccines Important? How do they work? | Urdu / Hindi | My Channel Video | Goher Ali Rizvi
 
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Before you watch this video, watch related video first: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMMLk5h-YaI This video talks about Vaccines and how do they work, Vaccines work in conjunction with our body's Immune system.. They help Body become well prepared and trained before actual harmfull infection takes place in the body. Vaccines are of 3 types 1) Live Attenuated Vaccines are live bacterias which are injected in the body but they are made weak so that when they enter in our bodies they do not harm the host.. Instead our neutrophils and Macrophages finds them easily and kills them all with ease. In the same process Dendritic Cells also play important part by collecting antigen and start presenting it on their membrane which then becomes triggering mechanism for T Cell activation which then activate B Cells to produce antibodies against infectious material. 2) Inactive Vaccines are the 2nd type where dead bacteria or virus are injected in the body but their morphology triggers Adaptive immune response and bacteria are killed 3) Subunit vaccines are composed of only antigenic part of and thousand of its copies are then injected in the body which triggers T Cells and B Cells adaptive immunity response. Usually Polio, measles, Mumps, Rubella, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B and Varicella or Chicken Pox Vaccines are done. This video also deals with antivaccination movement in Pakistan and India and how they have escalated matters.. A lot of Vaccination personals are attacked on regular basis. Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attenuated_vaccine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inactivated_vaccine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_subunit http://www.discoveryeducation.com/teachers/free-lesson-plans/common-vaccinations.cfm https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/vaccines-list.html https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/jul/11/cia-fake-vaccinations-osama-bin-ladens-dna https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-cia-fake-vaccination-campaign-endangers-us-all/ https://tonic.vice.com/en_us/article/wjx559/fake-vaccine-drive-osama-bin-laden-lowered-vaccination-rates-in-pakistan https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/02/150227-polio-pakistan-vaccination-taliban-osama-bin-laden/
Views: 4222 My Channel Video
'The Mould That First Made Penicillin' Sold at Auction
 
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March 1, 'The mould that first made Penicillin' sold in a London auction for $14,617
2017 Killian Lecture: Eric Lander, "Secrets of the Human Genome"
 
01:17:09
Eric Lander, professor of biology and president and founding director of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, is MIT’s James R. Killian Jr. Faculty Achievement Award winner for 2016–2017. A biologist widely known for his work in mapping the human genome, Professor Lander is recognized by the committee for the transformative effect he has had on the study of biology and medicine, as well as for his roles as a leader, teacher, mentor, and public advocate for science at the highest levels.
Views: 13951 MIT Institute Events
The Future of Meat
 
05:10
The Rest Of Us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/TheRestOfUs The Rest Of Us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/TROUchannel The Rest Of Us T-Shirts and More: http://teespring.com/TheRestOfUsClothing Thanks to my Patrons: Duncan Kennedy Hannes Ott Leilah Ruan Guillermo Guzman Jonathan Rieke Cesar E. Lopez Remy Rojas August Noë Levi and Dalton Eduard Kieser Sergey Dubovik Niklas Meinzer Trent Lloyd Reinhard Pointner Paul C Soji Ladele Joe Mako Paul Reeves Sumit Abhinav Ayri Octo Kilos Noah McCann Pascal Wilhelm A. Skinner
Views: 129991 The Rest Of Us
Contagion | 1 of 5 | Infectious Disease || Radcliffe Institute
 
01:47:30
CONTAGION Exploring Modern Epidemics A Radcliffe Institute Science Symposium INTRODUCTION Lizabeth Cohen, dean, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, and Howard Mumford Jones Professor of American Studies, Department of History, Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences FRAMING REMARKS (09:57) Janet Rich-Edwards, faculty codirector of the science program, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study; associate professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School; associate professor, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health INFECTIOUS DISEASE (21:38) Christian T. Happi (26:33), professor of molecular biology and genomics; director, African Center of Excellence for Genomics of Infectious Diseases; director, Directorate of Research Innovations and Partnerships, Redeemer’s University (Nigeria) Anne W. Rimoin (46:38), associate professor, Department of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health Celina Maria Turchi Martelli (1:03:30), physician and researcher, Aggeu Magalhães Research Center, Fundação Oswaldo Crus (Brazil) Moderator: Marcia Castro, associate professor of demography, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health PANEL DISCUSSION (1:22:18) AUDIENCE Q&A (1:33:48) For information about the Radcliffe Institute and its many public programs, visit https://www.radcliffe.harvard.edu/. Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/RadcliffeInstitute Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/RadInstitute Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/radcliffe.institute
Views: 2622 Harvard University
The Future of Farming & Agriculture
 
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Farming is being revolutionized by a technological wave. That's great news—by the year 2050 Earth's population will be 10 billion, so we need to almost double the amount of food we now produce. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Main information sources: http://www.economist.com/technology-quarterly/2016-06-09/factory-fresh http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v544/n7651_supp/full/544S21a.html Video by Bryce Plank and Robin West Co-written by Kiriana Cowansage Music: "Abstract Electronic [TDC Remix]" via Motion Array "Timelapse" via Motion Array "Night Music" by Kevin MacLeod "Technology Explainer" via Motion Array "Truth Revealing" via Motion Array
Views: 381862 The Daily Conversation
'Appetite for Destruction': How Feeding Livestock Strains the Planet
 
14:43
We are eating more meat than at any other time in history, and the largest environmental impact actually comes from what the animals are being fed, says Duncan Williamson, food policy manager for the World Wildlife Fund UK Visit http://therealnews.com for more stories and help support our work by donating at http://therealnews.com/donate.
Views: 3511 TheRealNews
The Truth About Vaccines Docu-series - Episode 1 | Robert F. Kennedy Jr Interview | Smallpox Vaccine
 
01:57:25
The risks of vaccines are very real, and parents are allowed to question their safety. This documentary discusses the science and history behind the vaccine industry... Sign-up now to watch more episodes: http://bit.ly/jan-ttav-signup-yt You can own every single interview from start to finish (54 total) as well as the entire “Director's cut” of the docu-series (100+ additional minutes) for a very low investment. Follow this link to find out more: http://bit.ly/jan-ttav-dvd-yt Or sign up to watch all 7 episodes of “The Truth About Vaccines” for FREE starting January 25 at 9pm EST: http://bit.ly/jan-ttav-signup-yt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- In Episode 1: The History of Vaccines, Smallpox, Vaccine Safety & the Current CDC Schedule Welcome to the first episode of the eye-opening documentary series "The Truth About Vaccines". This is the largest and most comprehensive series ever produced on the topic of vaccines. Each episode is up 24 hours for you to watch FREE, starting January 25th, 2018. We will be showing 7 episodes in 7 days. And we really need your help! If you know anyone with babies, young children, or who soon plan to have kids, they NEED to know about The Truth About Vaccines... Please hit the share button above to share this eye-opening information with everyone you know or just send them the link below. Follow this link to sign up for Episode 2: http://bit.ly/jan-ttav-signup-yt No matter whether you're PRO or ANTI vaccines, this eye-opening docu-series will provide you with the tools you need to make informed and empowered decisions about the health of you and your family. WHAT TO EXPECT IN THIS EPISODE... - Dr. Jennifer Margulis thoroughly explains the fundamental concept of “informed consent” and shares some “insider secrets” of the CDC. - Robert F. Kennedy Jr at shares the real reasons why vaccine manufacturers have no liability and describes the “precautionary principle”. - Hear from an attorney who litigates vaccine cases in the “Vaccine Court”. - Get a “behind the scenes” look at a “vaccine legislation” meeting with a Congressman in the Rayburn House Building in Washington D.C. - Hear the personal story of Davida and Nico LaHood (District Attorney for Bexar County, TX) as they describe the differences in their four children - Mike Adams (“the Health Ranger”) articulates the “risk benefit” analysis that is required for vaccines and elaborates on the similarities and differences between “vaccinations” and “immunizations.” - Dr. Suzanne Humphries, M.D. describes the smallpox epidemics in Victorian England and assesses the impact of the smallpox vaccine on these outbreaks. - Pathologist and HPV expert, Dr. Sin Hang Lee M.D., discuss editorial censorship of his articles about HPV DNA being found in the HPV vaccines. - Dr. Jack Wolfson, D.O. describes his appearance on NBC Television discussing the measles outbreak at Disneyland a couple of years ago. - Dr. Joseph Mercola, D.O. describes how he regrets failing to do his homework prior to vaccinating his patients. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ We can all agree there’s nothing more important than the health and safety of our children… Parents should be informed about both the benefits and the risks associated with vaccines — without pressure, propaganda, or agenda. So we brought together more than 60 of the world’s foremost health experts to investigate both sides of this contentious debate to give you the science, the history, and the untold story… the REAL information you need to make an informed decision on how to best protect your child. The Truth About Vaccines is a 7-episode documentary series COMING SOON. Follow the link to REGISTER TODAY and you’ll be first in line to see the whole thing for FREE: http://bit.ly/jan-ttav-signup-yt
Views: 980866 The Truth About Vaccines
Horrible life cycle of broiler hens
 
04:50
Broiler chicken going to hell Too bad.......😢
Views: 10237 lucy Daniel
#1 Natural Remedy for the Flu is Colloidal Silver    Holland, TX
 
01:47
#1 Natural Remedy for the Flu is Colloidal Silver Holland, TX https://n-ergetics.com/Scripts/prodList.asp?idCategory=144 https://youtu.be/clC4nnrI1X0 #1 natural flu remedy is colloidal silver 580 889 6486 The #1 natural flu remedy is colloidal silver. Where to buy colloidal silver: https://n-ergetics.com/Scripts/prodList.asp?idCategory=144 https://youtu.be/clC4nnrI1X0 This flu shot alternative has been used for over 100 years providing no flu shot protection. This immune system support was originally sold as a prescription until penicillin was discovered. Now that the influenza virus has built up a resistance to these man made drugs, colloidal silver continues to be a natural antiviral, antibiotic that kills virus in vitro in about 4 minutes. Does colloidal silver work? These doctors, & many dentist, veterinarians and chiropractors all say yes. Dr. Mercola, Dr OZ, Dr. Gerry Lemole, (Dr Oz’s father-in-law) Cardiologist, Dr Sherry Rogers MD, Dr Loren Martin, professor emeritus, medical physiology, OSU Dr. Josh Axe DC, Dr. Robert C. Beck, D.Sc., Dr. Bruce West, DC There are only two methods of commercial production of colloidal silver. These methods determine Where to buy best colloidal Silver Mild Protein (oldest form 115 yrs + most tested) High Voltage (newest process, about 25 years old) What is in a name or claim? Mass marketing confusion, another maze for the consumer, Colloidal silver vs “ionic”, “true”, “advanced”, “high voltage”, “homemade”, “non ionic”, or trademark name (marketing nomenclature used to market a “new” colloidal silver). So here is my review: I chose a company of “Where to buy best colloidal Silver”: That has been in business 16 years, Offers both kinds of colloidal silver; mild protein up to 1100 ppm and High Voltage up to 20 ppm. Offers a money back satisfaction Guarantee, At a reasonable price, Courteous on the phone, (1 580 889 6486) Has other colloidal and natural products. Colloidal Silver Benefits were the only known anti-biotic until penicillin was discovered circa. 1929 Include colloidal silver killing the pathogens: Viruses, bacteria, molds, yeast & microbes Colloidal Silver Benefits date back thousands of years. There are over 650 diseases, virus, bacteria, & yeast are known to be killed by Colloidal Silver Colloidal Silver Benefit is Immune System Support against Viruses, Bacteria, Parasites, Yeast and mold infection. Burn Hospitals and new infant (eye care) hospitals use Colloidal Silver to Prevent infection and disease. Hospitals used bandages impregnated with colloidal silver. SUPERBUGS, Viruses, CRE, ESBL, MRSA, SARS, VRSA, VRE, staph infections, (Staphylococci, Streptococci, Measles, Ebola are known not to have built up a resistance to colloidal silver as penicillin has. Colloidal silver kills the virus so it does not have a chance to mutate and become resistant. Influenza, bird flu, swine flu, pneumonia, colds & sinus infection kill more people in the US than automobiles. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat or prescribe. This is not a "medical claim“ but is only a partial list of testimonials gleaned from history, medical journals, and the internet. The Best place to buy Colloidal Silver is from a company that offers a satisfaction guarantee. Colloidal Silver Uses, https://youtu.be/Wi4f2zfHeec, have increased since 1938 when Colloidal Silver was released as an over the counter supplement instead of a prescription drug. ZColloidal silver Benefits, https://youtu.be/46qWZaY3wB8 This public release was due to the discovery of penicillin. We now know bacteria and virus build a resistance to penicillin but not to colloidal silver. So colloidal silver is as effective as a natural antibiotic as it was 100 years ago. The uses are as: antibiotic, antimicrobial, antifungal and Antiparasitical . Of course colloidal silver uses include being effective in killing superbugs such as CRE, ESBL, MRSA, SARS, VRSA, VRE! A nutural mineral supplement. Colloidal silver blog http://colloidal.n-ergetics.com/ To view more videos on colloidal silver check out our other videos on natural health. https://youtu.be/46qWZaY3wB8, And https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clC4nnrI1X0 Don't forget to share this video, like and subscribe to our channel to see more Colloidal Silver videos click here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6q7vJC8K8whIbDf1gQQYDQ/videos Other channel to view more colloidal silver uses ideas, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCfJn3ONAxfmh_b74JB4miYw Watch the entire playlist https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6q7vJC8K8whIbDf1gQQYDQ/playlists #naturalfluremedy #fluremedy Related Videos in Channel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KEr7QObDoSk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SVXSMHyjBLg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rHcjWV1yROs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH9CiM038kc
Earthlings [Documentary]
 
01:35:47
"Earthlings is a 2005 American documentary film about humanity's use of other animals as pets, food, clothing, entertainment, and for scientific research... Covering pet stores, puppy mills, and animal profession, Earthlings includes footage obtained through the use of hidden cameras to chronicle the day-to-day practices of some of the largest industries in the world, all of which rely on animals. It draws parallels between racism, sexism, and speciesism." Year: 2005 Official Web-Site: http://www.nationearth.com/ IMDB: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0358456/ This video was uploaded for educational purposes only, the credit goes to the owners mentioned before (check "Official Web-Site" link)
Views: 353973 Vegan Wolf
VEGAN 2017 - The Film
 
47:00
Plant Based News' end of year film Vegan 2017 is here. ★ ENJOY THE FILM? PLEASE SUPPORT US SO WE CAN MAKE MORE OF THEM: https://www.plantbasednews.org/support ★ Watch Vegan 2016: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scsfO9BcB-w Watch Vegan 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYzlfPdpAeY FEATURING MOBY, MILEY CYRUS, JANE VELEZ-MITCHELL, ED WINTERS, TAL GILBAO, MELANIE JOY, DR OZ, NEAL BARNARD M.D., JAMES ASPEY, SANDRA HIGGINS, KAT VON D, COLIN CAMPBELL, ALAN GOLDHAMER, MICHAEL GREGER, PAM POPPER, LISA KARLAN, CALDWELL ESSELSTYN, CHRIS HEDGES, MICHAEL KLAPER, JOAQUIN PHOENIX, KIM WILLIAMS, JOE ROGAN, ZDOGG, THE DOCTORS TV SHOW, JOE ROGAN, GENE BAUR, RICH ROLL, ROBERT OSTFELD, ANTHONY LIM, MICHAEL DEARBORN, CYRUS KHAMBATTA, TIMOTHY SHIEFF, HELEEN ROEX, ALPHONSE ROEX, MALCOLM MACKAYAND, WOODY HARRELSON, TONI OKAMOTO, BRIAN TURNER, ETHAN BROWN, PAUL KENNAMER, KIP ANDERSON, KEEGAN KUHN, SUSAN LEVIN, JOEL KAHN, NAOM CHOMSKY, BARACK OBAMA, NATALIE PORTMAN, BILL MAYER, RUSSELL SIMMONS, AL GORE, KATIE CLEARY, COLLEEN PATRICK-GOUDREAU, GENESIS BUTLER, CHASE ARMITAGE, PAUL SHAPIRO, SIMONE REYES, KALEL, ANITA KRAJNC, DEREK SARNO, SETH GOLDMAN, TOBIAS LEENAERT, BILL GATES, RICHARD BRANSON, PRINCE KHALED BIN ALWALEED, JEREMY COLLER, CRAIG ROBINSON, DONNY MOSS, MARK DEVRIES, NATHAN RUNKLE, PHILIP WOLLEN, ANNEKA SVENSKA, JASON DERULLO, CHARLIE SHEEN, KYLIE JENNER, NE-YO, DANIELLE BROOKES, LEONARDO DICAPRIO, SERENA WILLIAMS, ROLAND WILLIAMS, PAUL MCCARTNEY, EVANNA LYNCH, BON JOVI, JADEN SMITH, ALICIA SILVERSTONE, LIAM HEMSWORTH, RUSSELL BRAND, ANDELISA ALLEN, STEPHEN COLBERT, EVAN DAVIS, ARDJA STYLES, HEATHER MILLS, THERESA MAY, PAMELA ANDERSON, PIERS MORGAN, KUNTAL JOISHER, TONY HORTON, CARDALE JONES, JAHLIL OKAFOR, KYRIE IRVING, DAMIAN LILLARD, GRIFF WALLEN, WILSON CHANDLER, BEN COHEN, LEWIS HAMILTON, TOM HAYES, AMANDA SOURRY, WAYNE TSIUNG, SIMON AMSTELL, DAVID SIMON, DANIEL BISSONNETTE AND GEORGE MONBIOT PRODUCED BY KLAUS MITCHELL SCRIPT ASSISTED BY MARIA CHIORANDO HEALTH RESEARCH BY BRIAN HERNANDEZ VISUAL SUPPORT BY KADEN ZIPFEL NARRATED BY GREGG LOWE Apologies to Professor Atze Jan van der Goot and his work, which we could not find to credit during the film. We have now tracked it down: https://www.wur.nl/en/newsarticle/Large-scale-research-aims-for-a-new-generation-of-meat-substitutes.htm --- ★ SUPPORT OUR WORK BY MAKING A DONATION: https://www.plantbasednews.org/support ★ HELP TRANSLATE OUR VIDEOS: http://bit.ly/translatePBN ★ SIGN UP TO RECEIVE OUR WEEKLY HEADLINES IN YOUR INBOX: http://www.plantbasednews.org/signup ★ GOT A NEWS STORY WE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT? Please email press@plantbasednews.org or leave a message on our hotline UK landline: +44 207 0960 175, US landline: +1 818 963 5411 ★ CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE: http://www.plantbasednews.org/ SOCIAL MEDIA ★ TWITTER: https://www.twitter.com/plantbasednews ★ FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/plantbasednews ★ YOUTUBE: https://www.youtube.com/plantbasednews ★ INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/plantbasednews LEARN ABOUT VEGANISM ★ Cowspiracy ➞ https://youtu.be/nV04zyfLyN4 ★ NutritionFacts.Org ➞ https://goo.gl/BdNbiU ★ Veganuary ➞ http://www.veganuary.com/
Views: 1494323 PLANT BASED NEWS
Chicken Meat  Mega Factory (Poultry Farm). Modern Machines
 
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Chicken Meat Mega Factory (Poultry Farm). Modern Machines Poultry farming is the process of raising domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. Poultry are farmed in great numbers with chickens being the most numerous. More than 50 billion chickens are raised annually as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs.[1] Chickens raised for eggs are usually called layers while chickens raised for meat are often called broilers.[1] In the US, the national organization overseeing poultry production is the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In the UK, the national organisation is the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) According to the researchers and scientists, 74% of the world's poultry meat, and 68 percent of eggs are produced in ways that are described as 'intensive'.[2] One alternative to intensive poultry farming is free-range farming using lower stocking densities. Poultry producers routinely use nationally approved medications, such as antibiotics, in feed or drinking water, to treat disease or to prevent disease outbreaks. Some FDA-approved medications are also approved for improved feed utilization I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (http://www.youtube.com/editor)
Views: 1269 Sreenivas lingala
The Future of Seafood - Full Episode
 
27:18
It is estimated there will be two billion more people on the planet by mid-century. To feed this booming world population, more fish will need to be farmed than ever before. One way to increase fish production in a sustainable way is to move aquaculture operations offshore – where there is plenty of available space and strong currents flush out the pens to avoid polluting sensitive ecosystems. Learn more at http://changingseas.tv/episode901.html.
Views: 13912 ChangingSeasTV
Don Kohn: CRISPR Applications - Gene Editing in Hematopoietic Stem Cells
 
01:36:40
Don Kohn (University of California, Los Angeles) describes the use of gene editing in hematopoietic stem cells and applications to treat various blood-related diseases. [2017 CRISPR Workshop]
Jed Fahey, Sc.D. on Isothiocyanates, the Nrf2 Pathway, Moringa & Sulforaphane Supplementation
 
02:28:22
Dr. Jed W. Fahey is a nutritional biochemist with broad training and extensive background in plant physiology, human nutrition, phytochemistry and nutritional biochemistry. He is the director of the Cullman Chemoprotection Center at Johns Hopkins. The reason I've asked him to join us today, in particular, however, is because he has been researching isothiocyanates like sulforaphane for over 20 years and is an exceptional expert in this arena. Dr. Fahey and his colleagues have been, in a big way, at the absolute center of what is a staggering amount of research on these very powerful compounds. There is hardly a topic which we can discuss in which he doesn't have an anecdote about a study he was involved in, or, in some cases, tribal knowledge that may not even be published but is nonetheless interesting and an important part of the story that is unique to his particular vantage point. ▶︎ If you have not seen my previous, extremely in-depth video on sulforaphane, a very important isothiocyanate, please do so: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zz4YVJ4aRfg -- Find out more about Dr. Fahey and the Cullman Chemoprotection Center: ▶︎ The Cullman Chemoprotection Center Website: http://www.chemoprotectioncenter.org/ ▶︎ The Cullman Chemoprotection Center Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/chemoprotectioncenter/ ▶︎ Dr. Fahey's Website: http://www.jedfahey.com/ ▶︎ Dr. Fahey on Twitter: http://twitter.com/jedosan --- Follow FoundMyFitness elsewhere: ▶︎ iTunes Podcast: http://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/foundmyfitness/id818198322 ▶︎ Twitter: http://twitter.com/foundmyfitness ▶︎ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/foundmyfitness ▶︎ Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/foundmyfitness ▶︎ Email newsletter: http://www.foundmyfitness.com/?sendme=lifestyle-heuristic
Views: 71079 FoundMyFitness
Russian Scientists Still Among the Best - Kurchatov Institute Case
 
05:56
Subscibe to VestiNews https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCa8MaD6gQscto_Nq1i49iew Support us on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/TeamRussiaInsider Visit us! http://russia-insider.com/en Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RussiaInsider?ref=aymt_homepage_panel Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/RussiaInsider
Views: 16032 Russia Insight
Some INDESTRUCTIBLE Products You Can BUY TODAY
 
08:31
If only we could bid for a Clark Kent-esque supersuit on eBay — life would be pretty awesome if we were invincible. Ridiculous daydreams aside, some people are hard at working developing indestructible materials. No one has succeeded yet, but while we’re waiting there are a few things you can get your hands on today that come pretty close. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to admin@toptenz.net Other TopTenz Videos: What Would Happen in a World WITHOUT ANTIBIOTICS https://youtu.be/NilGrhbmhtE?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K What Would Happen if “The BIG ONE” (Earthquake) Hits the WEST COAST https://youtu.be/FfiIMp5JavE?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnL72IcdJzPXC7DNyxk9KA6K Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-indestructible-things-known-man.php Coming up: 10. The Embassy Tactical Pen 9. The Kaventsmann Triggerfish Bronze A2 Watch 8. Tungsten Ring 7. Yachiyo Metal Rug 6. Hurricane Proof Monolithic Dome Home 5. Bulletproof Suit 4. Bulletproof Public Toilet 3. The ioSafe N2 Indestructible Hard Drive 2. The Toyota Hilux 1. Indestructible Tires Source/Further reading: http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/tactical-pen http://www.engineering.com/DesignerEdge/DesignerEdgeArticles/ArticleID/5498/Kaventsmann-Watch-Survives-C-4-Explosion.aspx https://www.tungstenpride.com/tungsten-articles/indestructible-tungsten-rings.html http://freshome.com/2012/04/17/handmade-yachiyo-metal-rug-designed-to-last-for-generations/ http://www.mnn.com/family/protection-safety/stories/5-of-the-worlds-most-indestructible-homes http://www.gizmag.com/diamond-armor-bullet-proof-suit/31293/ http://www.popularmechanics.com/home/improvement/electrical-plumbing/18-strangest-bathrooms-in-the-world-bulletproof-bathroom#slide-5 http://www.channelpronetwork.com/review/iosafe-n2-review-flexible-data-storage-meets-indestructible-design http://www.torquenews.com/1070/toyota-hilux-proves-again-it-indestructible-crossing-antarctic http://www.airless-tire.com/polaris-atvs-on-non-pneumatic-tires/ http://www.stevegiasson.com/public/media/images/oeuvres_images/thumb/img_0847_detail.jpg https://orig13.deviantart.net/2d61/f/2013/245/d/6/fb101j_tungsten_rings_2__83342_zoom_by_tungstenrepublic-d6ku0b4.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d0/%CE%91-WC-polyhedral.png https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WGZZyaW2YGs http://www.dotmaison.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Metal-Rug2.jpg http://i.vimeocdn.com/video/543063156_1280x720.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxsSBHTFk3w https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Pensacola_Beach%2C_Florida_after_Hurricane_Dennis_in_2005.jpg https://c2.staticflickr.com/4/3125/3164059182_82c1286782_z.jpg?zz=1 http://unnatural.ru/images/sortir/6.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/Hard-drive-after-head-crash-seagate.jpg http://www.computershopper.com/var/ezwebin_site/storage/images/media/images/iosafe-n2-sd-card/1072161-1-eng-US/iosafe-n2-sd-card.jpg http://www.intuitiveaccountant.com/downloads/4382/download/Broken%20Hard%20Drive.jpg?cb=f98fe953f3b4c619be79a77840b2e69c https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jD3r-V3ZEgo https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Toyota_Hilux_Double_Cab_3.0_D-4D_front.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXdWRLbmrEs
Views: 69683 TopTenz
Enzymes and Digestive Support - Podcast #127
 
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Enzymes and digestive support - Dr. J and Evan Live Podcast #127 Get Show Updates Here: http://www.beyondwellnessradio.com/newsletter You-tube Podcast Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=justinhealth Show Transcription: See https://justinhealth.com/enzymes-and-digestive-support-dr-j-and-evan-live-podcast-127/ In today’s Live Podcast, Dr. Justin Marchegiani and Evan Brand talked digs deep into the topic of enzymes and how they can be used therapeutically to help aid in digestion and to improve one’s overall health. Listen as they discuss the benefits of enzymes in your body and learn how having the right amount of enzymes prevent gut issues such as heartburn and gastrointestinal infections. Learn about the positive and negative effects of acidity levels to one’s digestion and find out what you can do to achieve optimal amounts of digestive enzymes. Moreover, this video will help you gain valuable insights regarding different topics which include hiatal hernia, PPIs, and antibiotics. Watch to gain useful insights as these functional medicine experts share their knowledge about diet and supplements that have huge effects on enzyme production and stimulation. If you want to know more about the health benefits of enzymes and how to improve your digestion, check out the video above. In this episode, we cover: 2:13 Enzyme Production 6:10 Gut issues and heart burn 12:30 Symptoms involved with enzyme and acid issues 24:05 Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) 30:05 Types of enzymes 35:48 Antibiotics and gut health Subscribe on I-Tunes: http://www.beyondwellnessradio.com/itunes Review us at: http://www.beyondwellnessradio.com/itunes Visit us at: http://www.beyondwellnessradio.com Have a question: http://www.beyondwellnessradio.com/question -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "GI Issues — Malabsorption, Infection & Inflammation in the Eye and Joint | Dr. J Live Q & A" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGf7F1Xi6po -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 2005 Just In Health
The microbiota as instructor and arbiter of immune responses in health and disease
 
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The microbiota as instructor and arbiter of immune responses in health and disease Air date: Wednesday, February 22, 2017, 3:00:00 PM Category: WALS - Wednesday Afternoon Lectures Runtime: 01:07:59 Description: NIH Director's Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series The vertebrate intestinal tract is colonized by hundreds of species of bacteria that outnumber the total cells in the host, yet must be compartmentalized and tolerated to prevent invasive growth and harmful inflammatory responses. A key function of commensal microbes is to contribute to the adaptive immune repertoire and to diverse lymphocyte effector functions. T cell responses against non-invasive commensals contribute to shaping the repertoire of effector/memory and regulatory T cells. How T cells elicited by commensal bacteria can influence autoimmunity is a central question that remains unsolved. The Littman Lab studies the antigenic specificity of microbiota-induced T cells and the mechanisms by which their functions are acquired upon interaction with distinct commensal species. His lab finds that Th17 cells, which are central to mucosal barrier defense but also participate in autoimmune disease, are induced by specific constituents of the microbiota, and acquire effector function only after additional exposure to endogenous adjuvants, such as the serum amyloid A proteins. The lab's studies in mice are not only relevant for human autoimmune diseases, many of which have Th17 cell involvement, but may also provide insights into how commensal microbe-specific T cell responses could be harnessed for mucosal vaccination and cancer immunotherapy. For more information go to https://oir.nih.gov/wals/2016-2017 Author: Dan R. Littman, M.D., Ph.D., Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Kimmel Professor of Molecular Immunology at New York University School of Medicine Permanent link: https://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?22148
Views: 3547 nihvcast
Yelawolf - Punk ft. Travis Barker, Juicy J
 
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Yelawolf “PUNK” feat. Juicy J & Travis Barker is Out Now! http://smarturl.it/PunkYelawolf Follow Yelawolf: http://www.yelawolf.com https://www.instagram.com/yelawolf https://www.facebook.com/yelawolf Music video by Yelawolf performing Punk. (C) 2017 Interscope Records http://vevo.ly/0FA6l9
Views: 2152810 YelawolfVEVO
What the health (VOST EN/FR/DE/IT/ES)
 
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What the health VOST ENGLISH / FRANCAIS / DEUTCH / ITALIANO / ESPANOL VOST ENGLISH / FRENCH / GERMAN / ITALIAN / SPAINISH
Views: 130091 SAMY TKL
🏡 Home Medical Alert System | Technical Difficulties! 😅 (11/18/17)
 
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SPD WARNING: Loud beeping from 6:55 – 7:05 and in the intro. This tone/pitch did not bother me terribly and it only lasted a few seconds, but we are all different so I wanted to give a heads up to others. NEW TO CHRONICALLY JAQUIE? START HERE! - All About My Chronic Illnesses – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQ462yQsmEY&t=495s - All About Harlow – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCb2Rl3BB4s - All About My Port – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=unYZo0XzMoE&t=25s - All About My Infusions – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOHz5Al_u3Y&t=26s - Judd and Jaq Relationship Q&A Vlog – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Co3ctXejU6w&index=68&list=PLrAi_F1oEjCOCESscC9SX8knIJjfKRVpF&t=701s --- Skip to 7:03 in the Vlog to watch the Relationship Q&A section! - “New Here” Playlist - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrAi_F1oEjCMOPAUpC5zjqGxFiko9FH3p YESTERDAY’S VLOG – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ATgpeWdPJD4 MY PATREON PAGE – https://www.patreon.com/ChronicallyJaquie MEDICAL ALERT SYSTEM (This one requires a landline, call to ask about the wireless set up) – https://www.alert-1.com/system/medical-alert-system/504 MERCHANDISE: Teespring handles all production, shipping and customer service (thank goodness, lol). The campaign is ongoing. Both blue and pink accents come in a V-Neck option (size XS – 2XL) and normal neckline option (size XS – 5XL). Part of the proceeds are going to Red Cross. I hope y’all love them as much as we do! PINK SHIRT – https://teespring.com/chronically-jaquie-2017-tee-p#pid=76&cid=5855&sid=front BLUE SHIRT – https://teespring.com/chronically-jaquie-2017-tee-b#pid=76&cid=5855&sid=front LIKE WHAT YOU SEE? - VogMask – https://www.vogmask.com/ --- I wear the mask due to my Angioedema and Immunodeficiency, it filters allergens and germs. Learn more in my “All About My Chronic Illnesses” video! - Infusion/Feeding Tube Backpack (Use the code “Chronically Jaquie” for 10% off. I had mine professionally tailored by a seamstress to accommodate my feeding tube.) – https://vibedration.com/ - For more info on raw diets visit Janiece’s Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgX3KpWwWabNKiuLdqE4uUw - Primary Camera (Canon G7 X Mark II) – https://shop.usa.canon.com/shop/en/catalog/powershot-g7-x-mark-ii?cm_mmc=GA-_-CameraGroup-_-160224Brand%20Paid%20Search-_-canon%20G7%20X%20Mark%20II&Ap=Camera%20General&gclid=Cj0KEQjw0IvIBRDF0Yzq4qGE4IwBEiQATMQlMQV9VB6friCb290bDPvMB70AbclocCMqy58uFX13d2waAqCK8P8HAQ - Secondary Camera (Canon SX620) – https://shop.usa.canon.com/shop/en/catalog/powershot-sx620-hs-red-digital-camera?krypto=UCdm6VXznCPNmFdZVYYXtVDRRtyaWArk1AvLZe9yU9Tf3xY%2F6zptnlo42D%2B%2BwTodNSM9dmePQunDRXt4rkOh8GmPqYk8iySBNNllVQdxyUKXTqo7iIdDN2eKxZpW%2Bv9YR%2BCU6EE1eNnB7b5yto7%2BJ5RFhgkGu2urb2k3OOrLUTc%3D&ddkey=http%3Aen%2Fcatalog%2Fpowershot-sx620-hs-black-digital-camera# - My Editing Software (Filmora) – https://filmora.wondershare.com/ NEED MORE CHRONIC ILLNESS OR SERVICE DOG INFO? - Chronic Illness Support Playlist – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjprUf9wHvg - Service Dog Support Playlist – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrAi_F1oEjCOTWZJyvgqJV1Y5uP6xrvtS - Training Tutorial Playlist – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrAi_F1oEjCM53-RI_yxebqrcwIc-lmge - Feeding Tube Playlist – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrAi_F1oEjCM6tTJsNeA0wR-4eI2XU-J0 - Custom Wheelchair Playlist – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrAi_F1oEjCMxwq35jtx-L5ivk67ElCI9 - Pain Management Playlist – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AZ95DqE6An4&list=PLrAi_F1oEjCNPSs3kb8YQBKGWQbnKL8dV - Other Helpful Playlists – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKaX0dQwEUgTafzCZ2yEjUQ/playlists CONTRIBUTE CLOSED CAPTIONING/TRANSLATIONS! Help me make my videos more accessible by contributing closed captioning or translations! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCKaX0dQwEUgTafzCZ2yEjUQ&tab=2 FOLLOW US! - My Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/chronically_jaquie/ - Harlow's Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/Helper_Dog_Harlow/ My Patron Executive Producers: Danielle Smythers, Karen Ratcliff, Jaime Heiner, Elizabeth Smith & Phillip Casey!
Views: 28448 Chronically Jaquie
Nothing is hidden from Facebook | Facebook Sab janta hai | Hindi / Urdu Goher Ali Rizvi | My Channel
 
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Facebook knows almost everything about you, this video talks about how much information about you is known to facebook. Also how its gigantic servers record every bit piece of data from your input or from the moment you open your account. Facebook knows about your location, relationship, your income, your networth, place where you live, your locality.. facebook also knows if you own a bike or planning to buy a car. if you already own a car then what car do you own, how much its worth and when is its renewal and insurance renewal scheduled. Facebook knows about your habits, likes and dislikes. if you have a high IQ or not. Also if you are pregnant or not. Facebook also estimates if you are taking any medicines or if you are allergic to anything. What clothing brand do you prefer what type of meal do you prefer. if you have a crush on someone and if you are checking someone's profile constantly. Facebook also knows about your ethnic background, recognises your face and friends etc. This channel makes quality content related to science and technology in Urdu or hindi language to server people who speak the language. The video is production quality and all information is authentic with sources mentioned
Views: 4935 My Channel Video
Updates on Tickborne Disease Diagnostics
 
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The HHS Working Group on Lyme and Other Tickborne Diseases presents the webinar, “Trends in Tickborne Disease Diagnostics”. Experts from CDC, NIH/NIAID, and FDA in the field of tickborne disease diagnostics provide 10-15 minute presentations. Topics include updates in the fields of Lyme disease diagnostics (including metabolomics), new rickettsia diagnostics, and research funding, and regulatory updates. Comments on this video are allowed in accordance with our comment policy: http://www.cdc.gov/SocialMedia/Tools/CommentPolicy.html This video can also be viewed at https://www.cdc.gov/wcms/video/low-res/lyme/2017/992992TickborneDiseaseDiagnostics.mp4
63 #worldorganicnews 2017 05 08
 
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Links Cricket Is Just a Better Chicken http://wp.me/p5Cqpo-eZa Joel Salatin: Polyface Farm Small Scale Farming the Only Way Forward http://wp.me/p5Cqpo-f1B UN Reports: Wake Up Before it’s Too Late UN report from 2010 **** This is the World Organic News for the week ending 8th of May 2017. Jon Moore reporting! From the blog ilkkataponen comes an infographic post: Cricket Is Just a Better Chicken. The premise of this infographic is industrial. The argument goes like this: insects use less water, pollute less and are a better form of protein for us than beef, pork, chevon, lamb or poultry. In a factory setting, cattle, pigs, goats, sheep and poultry suffer unspeakably in factory farming situations. Part of the argument in favour of moving to crickets or locusts or whatever insect you might choose is that they will suffer less because their living requirements are far less demanding than the “higher”, in inverted commas, animals. This is a questionable starting point. These animals do have nervous systems and, therefore, can feel suffering. So let’s take a deeper look at this idea. Apart from the ick factor which is purely a consequence of most of us never having lived through a famine, the idea is has some merit. The idea isn’t that we sit down, necessarily, to a plate of barbecued crickets on sticks, although that is one option. My understanding is insects will be bred, grown out on some sort of “waste” product, killed, dried and milled. That’s milled as in wheat through a grain mill. The end product is a protein based powder, perfect for adding to manufactured foodstuffs. Hopefully you can see where this going. Feedlots or CAFOs as they are euphemistically called are not all that efficient. CAFO, of course, standing for confined animal feeding operations. So the “inefficient” in inverted commas, cattle are to be replaced with the far more industrially suited crickets. The cricket powder can then be combined with all sorts of things to create burgers, sausages, protein drinks and on and on. Under the banner of cruelty free efficiency, cows are out and crickets, locusts, maybe some sort of beetle will be the food source of the ever growing urban agglomerations. Indeed if we take this to it’s logical conclusion, the pupae state of the insect’s life cycle may hold sufficient protein to save even more time and resources. Imagine, powdered maggots! Now this will need the marketing types to put it through their magical processes but maggots raised on dog droppings. The efficiencies are truly mind blowing. I am reminded of a quote from Joel Salatin of Polyface Farms that goes something like this: We humans are really good at hitting any target we aim at. It’s just that we don’t seem to ask if the target was worth hitting. I hear you ask, could there, perhaps, be another way of feeding the world that doesn’t involve the incarceration of chickens, pigs and cattle or the mass raising and processing of insects? I’m glad you asked. The blog: TAUNTON FARMERS MARKET brings us an interesting post entitled: Small Scale Farming the Only Way Forward Longish Quote: The UN has commissioned several reports in recent years regarding climate change and the effect agriculture has on it and, as a consequence, world hunger. The reports make interesting reading, especially in regard to how changes in farming practices could have a profound impact on slowing global warming and alleviating poverty and hunger throughout the world.  ‘Wake Up Before it’s Too Late‘, an extensive report drawing from over 60 experts worldwide, and an earlier document, UN report from 2010, both show that the only realistic way to feed the world in the future is to use organic and sustainable methods. End Quote These reports seemed to have been euthanized by ignoring them. Promoting local sustainable production of healthy, poison free food is going to ruffle some feathers. Pretty big feathers that are receiving government subsidies, good profit margins and healthy future growth projections. Yet we must, I believe, look more deeply into the material raised by the UN. A short sidetrack. Unlike quite a few people I’ve discovered online, I do not believe the UN is a stalking horse to place us all under their direct control. Further I don’t believe that such a conspiracy could be possible. I’ve worked at large organisations and spent time in the military. From these examples I have formed the conclusion we are just too erratic as a species for any global level conspiracy to work. Of the two causes of history, conspiracy or cock up,I’m firmly in the cock up school. End podcast sidetrack. The post points out that although the UN calls for a reduction in ruminant numbers to meet greenhouse gas emission targets this is not pertinent to smallholders: Quote: This is mainly an issue for...
Views: 6 Jon Moore
The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century (Day 3)
 
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The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century (Day 3) Air date: Friday, August 18, 2017, 8:15:00 AM Category: Conferences Runtime: 04:59:15 Description: The 2017 NIH-wide microbiome workshop will strive to cover advances that reveal the specific ways in which the microbiota influences the physiology of the host, both in a healthy and in a diseased state and how the microbiota may be manipulated, either at the community, population, organismal or molecular level, to maintain and/or improve the health of the host. The goal will be to seek input from a trans-disciplinary group of scientists to identify 1) knowledge gaps, 2) technical hurdles, 3) new approaches and 4) research opportunities that will inform the development of novel prevention and treatment strategies based on host/microbiome interactions over the next ten years. Author: NIH Permanent link: https://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?23424
Views: 1564 nihvcast
IIT JAM BIOTECHNOLOGY 2015 Q-13,14 COMPLETE SOLUTION 98336793076 MCQ TRICKS
 
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IIT JAM BIOTECHNOLOGY 2015 Q-13,14 COMPLETE SOLUTION 98336793076 MCQ TRICKS VISIT OUR WEBSITE https://www.souravsirclasses.com/ FOR COMPLETE LECTURES / STUDY MATERIALS /NOTES /GUIDENCE / PAST YEAR SOLVED +SAMPLE PAPAERS /TRICKS /MCQ / SHORT CUT/ VIDEO LECTURES /LIVE + ONLINE CLASSES GIVE US A CALL / WHATSAPP AT 9836793076 Also find us at…. BLOGSPOT http://souravdas3366.blogspot.com/ SLIDES ON COURSES https://www.slideshare.net/Souravdas31 TWITTER https://twitter.com/souravdas3366 FACEBOOK https://www.facebook.com/Sourav-Sirs-... LINKED IN https://www.linkedin.com/in/sourav-da... GOOGLE PLUS https://plus.google.com/+souravdassou... History of biotechnology Brewing was an early application of biotechnology Although not normally what first comes to mind, many forms of human-derived agriculture clearly fit the broad definition of .utilizing a biotechnological system to make products. Indeed, the cultivation of plants may be viewed as the earliest biotechnological enterprise. Agriculture has been theorized to have become the dominant way of producing food since the Neolithic Revolution. Through early biotechnology, the earliest farmers selected and bred the best suited crops, having the highest yields, to produce enough food to support a growing population. As crops and fields became increasingly large and difficult to maintain, it was discovered that specific organisms and their by-products could effectively fertilize, restore nitrogen, and control pests. Throughout the history of agriculture, farmers have inadvertently altered the genetics of their crops through introducing them to new environments and breeding them with other plants — one of the first forms of biotechnology. These processes also were included in early fermentation of beer.These processes were introduced in early Mesopotamia, Egypt, China and India, and still use the same basic biological methods. In brewing, malted grains (containing enzymes) convert starch from grains into sugar and then adding specific yeasts to produce beer. In this process, carbohydrates in the grains were broken down into alcohols such as ethanol. Later other cultures produced the process of lactic acid fermentation which allowed the fermentation and preservation of other forms of food, such as soy sauce. Fermentation was also used in this time period to produce leavened bread. Although the process of fermentation was not fully understood until Louis Pasteur's work in 1857, it is still the first use of biotechnology to convert a food source into another form. Before the time of Charles Darwin's work and life, animal and plant scientists had already used selective breeding. Darwin added to that body of work with his scientific observations about the ability of science to change species.These accounts contributed to Darwin's theory of natural selection. For thousands of years, humans have used selective breeding to improve production of crops and livestock to use them for food. In selective breeding, organisms with desirable characteristics are mated to produce offspring with the same characteristics. For example, this technique was used with corn to produce the largest and sweetest crops. In the early twentieth century scientists gained a greater understanding of microbiology and explored ways of manufacturing specific products. In 1917, Chaim Weizmann first used a pure microbiological culture in an industrial process, that of manufacturing corn starch using Clostridium acetobutylicum, to produce acetone, which the United Kingdom desperately needed to manufacture explosives during World War I. Biotechnology has also led to the development of antibiotics. In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered the mold Penicillium. His work led to the purification of the antibiotic compound formed by the mold by Howard Florey, Ernst Boris Chain and Norman Heatley – to form what we today know as penicillin. In 1940, penicillin became available for medicinal use to treat bacterial infections in humans. The field of modern biotechnology is generally thought of as having been born in 1971 when Paul Berg's (Stanford) experiments in gene splicing had early success. Herbert W. Boyer (Univ. Calif. at San Francisco) and Stanley N. Cohen (Stanford) significantly advanced the new technology in 1972 by transferring genetic material into a bacterium, such that the imported material would be reproduced. The commercial viability of a biotechnology industry was significantly expanded on June 16, 1980, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that a genetically modified microorganism could be patented in the case of Diamond v. Chakrabarty. Indian-born Ananda Chakrabarty, working for General Electric, had modified a bacterium (of the Pseudomonas genus) capable of breaking down crude oil, which he proposed to use in treating oil spills. (Chakrabarty's work did not involve gene manipulation but rather the transfer of entire organelles between strains of the Pseudomonas bacterium.
Top 10 Greatest Inventions that Changed the World - Great Inventions
 
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Top 10 Greatest Inventions that Changed the World - Great Inventions No.1 Paper Paper was invented in ancient China during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) and spread slowly to the West via the Silk Road. Earlier materials used instead of paper, such as papyrus, parchment and palm leaves, were expensive and in short supply, but paper, made from wood and rags, could be processed everywhere and eventually provided a cheaper alternative using large-scale production. No.2 Telephone Alexander Graham Bell was the first to be awarded a patent for the electric telephone in 76. The first successful bi-directional transmission of clear speech by Bell and his assistant Thomas Watson was made in March 76. The invention quickly took off, and revolutionised global business and communication. No.3 Contraception The Egyptian Ebers Papyrus from 1550 BCE and the Kahun Papyrus from 50 BCE have within them some of the earliest documented descriptions of birth control. Acacia leaves, honey and lint were placed in the vagina to block sperm. The birth control movement developed during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Gregory Pincus and John Rock, with help from the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, developed the first birth control pills in the 1950s, such as mestranol/norethynodrel, which became publicly available in the 1960s. No. 4 Light bulb According to historians, two dozen people were instrumental in inventing incandescent lamps throughout the 00s. Thomas Edison is credited as the primary inventor because he created a completely functional lighting system, including a generator and wiring as well as a carbon-filament bulb. No .5 in Top 10 Greatest Inventions that Changed the World is World Wide Web Sir Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist and former Cern employee, is considered the inventor of the Web. On 12 March, 1989, he wrote a proposal for what would eventually become the World Wide Web. However, in a May 1970 issue of Popular Science magazine, Arthur C Clarke predicted that satellites would one day "bring the accumulated knowledge of the world to your fingertips" – using a console that would combine the functions of the telephone, photocopier, television and a small computer. He predicted it would eventually allow the transfer of data and video conferencing around the world. No. 6 Wheel The wheel was invented in 3500 BC and facilitated agriculture and commerce by enabling the transportation of goods to and from markets. Wheels have transformed our lives, and are used in everything from clocks to vehicles. No. 7 Penicillin Penicillin is a group of antibiotics derived from Penicillium fungi. The discovery of penicillin is attributed to Scottish scientist and Nobel laureate Alexander Fleming in 1928. He showed that, if Penicillium rubens were grown in the appropriate substrate, it would exude a substance with antibiotic properties. Chemists purified it and developed the drug Penicillin, which fights a huge number of bacterial infections in humans without harming the humans themselves. It was being mass produced and advertised by 1944. No. 8 Computer Charles Babbage, an English mechanical engineer and polymath, originated the concept of a programmable computer. Considered the "father of the computer", he conceptualised and invented the first mechanical computer in the early 19th century. The principle of the modern computer was first described by computer scientist Alan Turing, who set out the idea in his seminal 1936 paper, On Computable Numbers. No. 9 Internal combustion engine The earliest evidence of a crank and connecting rod mechanism dates to the 3rd century AD and the Hierapolis sawmill in Asia Minor, a part of the Roman Empire that has become modern-day Turkey. The modern form of the internal combustion engine came around in the latter half of the 19th century, which brought with it the Industrial Age. In these engines, the combustion of a fuel releases a high-temperature gas, that expands and exerts force on a piston, thereby moving it. The invention of the internal combustion engine brought with it a variety of machines, including modern cars and aircraft. No. 10 in Top 10 Greatest Inventions that Changed the World is Compass Before the introduction of the compass, destination, position and direction at sea were primarily determined by the sighting of landmarks, along with the observation of the position of stars and celestial bodies. The compass was invented by the Chinese between the 9th and 11th century. It was originally made from lodestone, a naturally magnetised piece of the mineral magnetite. The earliest Chinese literature reference to magnetism lies in the writings of Wang Xu in the 4th century BC . Subscribe our Channel: http://bit.ly/1LbrugH Like Us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/wiralfacts Follow Us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/engrazhar490 Follow Us on Google+: http://bit.ly/1QeHChS
Views: 18 Xrishio Qetvi
Diet and Atherosclerotic Disease (US Public Health Service, 1969)
 
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Dr. David Miller, Heart Disease & Stroke Control Program, Atlanta, Georgia moderates this debate where Dr. Jeremiah Stamler, Chicago Health Research Foundation, presents statistical data to implicate the relevance of diet in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic disease, and argues that alteration of the American dietary pattern is essential if we are to reverse our atherosclerotic epidemic. On the other side of the debate, Dr. Mark D. Altschule, Harvard University, points out numerous inadequacies of the studies to date, and does not feel a qualitative change in the American diet would benefit either the coronary patient or the healthy individual. Learn more about this film and search its transcript at NLM Digital Collections: http://resource.nlm.nih.gov/8600254AA. Learn more about the National Library of Medicine's historical audiovisuals program at: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/collections/films
Slava Vakarchuk: "Innovations That Pushed Boundaries" | Talks at Google
 
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Slava Vakarchuk is the frontman of Okean Elzy, one of the most popular rock bands in Eastern Europe. His impact, however, extends beyond music. He is a mentor to young songwriters, a former UN Goodwill Ambassador and a founder of multiple charities on education, cultural & social change. On top of this, Slava holds a PhD in Theoretical Physics and was the first winner of a 1 million UAH on "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire" in Ukraine. In this talk Slava speaks about innovations and inventions that changed the course of the world history forever. Presented by Ukrainians@Google. Moderated by Dmytro Sholomko.
Views: 3203 Talks at Google
October 2017 ACIP Meeting - Pneumococcal Vaccines; Anthrax; RSV; Evidence based Recommendations
 
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PCV13 impact on nasopharyngeal carriage among children and adults, PCV13 impact on invasive pneumococcal disease; Anthrax vaccine (BioThrax®) new safety and reactionogenicity data; Evidence based recommendations, RSV, vaccine supply Comments on this video are allowed in accordance with our comment policy: http://www.cdc.gov/SocialMedia/Tools/CommentPolicy.html This video can also be viewed at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/videos/low-res/ACIPOct2017/PCV13_thru-Adjourn-8_LowRes.mp4
Talks@12: Disparities & Bias in Global Health
 
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Lack of cultural humility and understanding of socioeconomic disparities among the medical community may contribute to inequitable health care outcomes. Paul Farmer shares his global experience and discusses whether a social medicine approach can lead to health care justice for all. Talk by: Paul Farmer, MD, PhD Kolokotrones University Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School Chair, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women's Hospital Co-founder, Partners in Health Moderated By: Joan Reede, MD, MPH, MS, MBA Dean for Diversity and Community Partnership, Harvard Medical School Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Assistant in Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital Like Harvard Medical School on Facebook: https://goo.gl/4dwXyZ Follow on Twitter: https://goo.gl/GbrmQM Follow on Instagram: https://goo.gl/s1w4up Follow on LinkedIn: https://goo.gl/04vRgY Website: https://hms.harvard.edu/
Edible Education 101: Personalized Health, Nutrition, and the Microbiome with Christopher Gardner
 
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Edible Education 101 is a weekly lecture series that brings renown experts – leading academics and practitioners – to UC Berkeley to share their visions, research, and experiences about food and its critical role in our culture, well-being and survival. 2017's course is hosted at the Haas School of Business by Will Rosenzweig and Alice Waters. See more details and the full course schedule: http://edibleschoolyard.org/ee101